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      Neurophysiological processes underlying the phantom limb pain experience and the use of hypnosis in its clinical management: an intensive examination of two patients.

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          Abstract

          In a pilot study with 2 patients suffering from phantom limb pain (PLP), hypnotic suggestions were used to modify and control the experience of the phantom limb, and positron emission tomography (PET) was used to index underlying pathways and areas involved in the processing of phantom limb experience (PLE) and PLP. The patients' subjective experiences of pain were recorded in a semistructured protocol. PET results demonstrated activation in areas known to be responsible for sensory and motor processing. The reported subjective experiences of PLP and movement corresponded with predicted brain activity patterns. This work helps to clarify the central nervous system correlates of phantom limb sensations, including pain. It further suggests that hypnosis can be incorporated into treatment protocols for PLP.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Int J Clin Exp Hypn
          The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
          Informa UK Limited
          0020-7144
          0020-7144
          Jan 2001
          : 49
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Pain Clinic Dept. of Anesthesia, Aker University Hospital, N-0514 Oslo, Norway. guro@smerteklinikken.com
          Article
          10.1080/00207140108410378
          11190791

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