9
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Integrated transcriptome interactome study of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in breast cancer

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Breast cancer is the leading cause for mortality among women worldwide. Dysregulation of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes is the major reason for the cause of cancer. Understanding these genes will provide clues and insights about their regulatory mechanism and their interplay in cancer. In the present study, an attempt is made to compare the functional characteristics and interactions of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes to understand their biological role. 431 breast cancer samples from seven publicly available microarray datasets were collected and analysed using GEO2R tool. The identified 416 differentially expressed genes were classified into five gene sets as oncogenes (OG), tumor suppressor genes (TSG), druggable genes, essential genes and other genes. The gene sets were subjected to various analysis such as enrichment analysis ( viz., GO, Pathways, Diseases and Drugs), network analysis, calculation of mutation frequencies and Guanine-Cytosine (GC) content. From the results, it was observed that the OG were having high GC content as well as high interactions than TSG. Moreover, the OG are found to have frequent mutations than TSG. The enrichment analysis results suggest that the oncogenes are involved in positive regulation of cellular protein metabolic process, macromolecule biosynthetic process and majorly in cell cycle and focal adhesion pathway in cancer. It was also found that these oncogenes are involved in other diseases such as skin diseases and viral infections. Collagenase, paclitaxel and docetaxel are some of the drugs found to be enriched for oncogenes.

          Related collections

          Most cited references25

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: found
          Is Open Access

          Ensembl BioMarts: a hub for data retrieval across taxonomic space

          For a number of years the BioMart data warehousing system has proven to be a valuable resource for scientists seeking a fast and versatile means of accessing the growing volume of genomic data provided by the Ensembl project. The launch of the Ensembl Genomes project in 2009 complemented the Ensembl project by utilizing the same visualization, interactive and programming tools to provide users with a means for accessing genome data from a further five domains: protists, bacteria, metazoa, plants and fungi. The Ensembl and Ensembl Genomes BioMarts provide a point of access to the high-quality gene annotation, variation data, functional and regulatory annotation and evolutionary relationships from genomes spanning the taxonomic space. This article aims to give a comprehensive overview of the Ensembl and Ensembl Genomes BioMarts as well as some useful examples and a description of current data content and future objectives. Database URLs: http://www.ensembl.org/biomart/martview/; http://metazoa.ensembl.org/biomart/martview/; http://plants.ensembl.org/biomart/martview/; http://protists.ensembl.org/biomart/martview/; http://fungi.ensembl.org/biomart/martview/; http://bacteria.ensembl.org/biomart/martview/
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            The prognostic role of a gene signature from tumorigenic breast-cancer cells.

            Breast cancers contain a minority population of cancer cells characterized by CD44 expression but low or undetectable levels of CD24 (CD44+CD24-/low) that have higher tumorigenic capacity than other subtypes of cancer cells. We compared the gene-expression profile of CD44+CD24-/low tumorigenic breast-cancer cells with that of normal breast epithelium. Differentially expressed genes were used to generate a 186-gene "invasiveness" gene signature (IGS), which was evaluated for its association with overall survival and metastasis-free survival in patients with breast cancer or other types of cancer. There was a significant association between the IGS and both overall and metastasis-free survival (P<0.001, for both) in patients with breast cancer, which was independent of established clinical and pathological variables. When combined with the prognostic criteria of the National Institutes of Health, the IGS was used to stratify patients with high-risk early breast cancer into prognostic categories (good or poor); among patients with a good prognosis, the 10-year rate of metastasis-free survival was 81%, and among those with a poor prognosis, it was 57%. The IGS was also associated with the prognosis in medulloblastoma (P=0.004), lung cancer (P=0.03), and prostate cancer (P=0.01). The prognostic power of the IGS was increased when combined with the wound-response (WR) signature. The IGS is strongly associated with metastasis-free survival and overall survival for four different types of tumors. This genetic signature of tumorigenic breast-cancer cells was even more strongly associated with clinical outcomes when combined with the WR signature in breast cancer. Copyright 2007 Massachusetts Medical Society.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: found
              Is Open Access

              International Cancer Genome Consortium Data Portal—a one-stop shop for cancer genomics data

              The International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) is a collaborative effort to characterize genomic abnormalities in 50 different cancer types. To make this data available, the ICGC has created the ICGC Data Portal. Powered by the BioMart software, the Data Portal allows each ICGC member institution to manage and maintain its own databases locally, while seamlessly presenting all the data in a single access point for users. The Data Portal currently contains data from 24 cancer projects, including ICGC, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Johns Hopkins University, and the Tumor Sequencing Project. It consists of 3478 genomes and 13 cancer types and subtypes. Available open access data types include simple somatic mutations, copy number alterations, structural rearrangements, gene expression, microRNAs, DNA methylation and exon junctions. Additionally, simple germline variations are available as controlled access data. The Data Portal uses a web-based graphical user interface (GUI) to offer researchers multiple ways to quickly and easily search and analyze the available data. The web interface can assist in constructing complicated queries across multiple data sets. Several application programming interfaces are also available for programmatic access. Here we describe the organization, functionality, and capabilities of the ICGC Data Portal. Database URL: http://dcc.icgc.org
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Genes Dis
                Genes Dis
                Genes & Diseases
                Chongqing Medical University
                2352-4820
                2352-3042
                20 November 2018
                March 2019
                20 November 2018
                : 6
                : 1
                : 78-87
                Affiliations
                [1]Centre for Bioinformatics, School of Life Sciences, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry 605014, India
                Author notes
                []Corresponding author. Centre for Bioinformatics, School of Life Sciences, Pondicherry University, R. V. Nagar, Kalapet, Pondicherry 605014, India. amouda@ 123456yahoo.com
                Article
                S2352-3042(18)30080-1
                10.1016/j.gendis.2018.10.004
                6411624
                30906836
                e72f11a9-69aa-40ea-95b7-207033cfec3a
                © 2018 Chongqing Medical University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.

                This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

                History
                : 28 May 2018
                : 31 October 2018
                Categories
                Article

                breast cancer,differential gene expression,network analysis,oncogenes,tumor suppressor genes

                Comments

                Comment on this article