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      WINTER THERMAL COMFORT OF A TYPICAL COURTYARD GEOMETRY IN A SEMI-ARID CLIMATE

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          ABSTRACT

          The courtyard is an ancient outdoor design space surrounded by walls or buildings, acting as a microclimate modifier in hot-dry climates. This is related to its geometry, such as high proportions of height-to-width (H/W) and north-south (NS) orientation by providing shade and decreasing heat stress on hot summer days. However, its effect during winter still needs to be discussed, especially in hot summer and cold winter conditions (such as in semi-arid climates). This research studies the winter thermal comfort of a typical courtyard geometry suitable for hot summer conditions in a semi-arid climate. A literature review supports the identification of typical courtyard geometry addressed for hot summer conditions. Then, field measurements of the external surface temperature of courtyard interior orientations, microclimatic variables, and the Predicted Mean Votes (PMV) of occupants inside the courtyard were performed. The results indicate high correlations between PMV and courtyard interior orientations with the H/W ratio regarding cold stress. Thus, north-east and South-East orientations and H/W ratio less than (< 0.8) are recommended for better winter environmental conditions in semi-arid climates.

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          Thermal comfort in outdoor urban spaces: understanding the human parameter

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            A review of mitigating strategies to improve the thermal environment and thermal comfort in urban outdoor spaces

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1943-4618
                1552-6100
                Winter 2023
                14 March 2023
                : 18
                : 1
                : 95-117
                Author notes

                1. Laboratory Bioclimatic Architecture & Environment, University of Salah Boubnider Constantine 3, Algeria

                * Corresponding author: Sara Sahnoune, Associate Professor, Laboratory Bioclimatic Architecture & Environment, University of Salah Boubnider Constantine 3, sara.sahnoune@ 123456univ-constantine3.dz
                Article
                10.3992/jgb.18.1.95
                e74552a3-9718-4b1c-ac62-f4350fb905ae
                History
                Page count
                Pages: 23
                Categories
                RESEARCH ARTICLES

                Urban design & Planning,Civil engineering,Environmental management, Policy & Planning,Architecture,Environmental engineering
                External surface temperature,Winter period,Predicted Mean Votes (PMV),Semi-arid climate,Courtyard geometry

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