In the isolated adventitia of rabbit aorta, blockade of neuronal uptake decreased the accumulation and deamination of <sup>3</sup>H-/-norepinephrine (<sup>3</sup>H- l-NE) whereas blockade of extraneuronal uptake decreased O-methylation. Thus most of the O-methylation occurs in the extraneuronal elements. In the isolated media, blockade of extraneuronal uptake decreased metabolism but not accumulation of <sup>3</sup>H- l-NE. If NE metabolism was prevented by pretreatment with pargyline and U-0521, <sup>3</sup>H- l-NE accumulation in the isolated media increased markedly and now inhibitors of extraneuronal uptake could decrease this accumulation of <sup>3</sup>H- l-NE by the isolated media. Thus when MAO and COMT are intact, NE does not accumulate in the extraneuronal compartment containing these enzymes, probably because it is metabolized as fast as it enters the compartment. Since the level of <sup>3</sup>H- l-NE in the isolated media exceeded the sorbitol space when MAO and COMT were intact, some <sup>3</sup>H- l-NE must have accumulated in a compartment which does not contain these enzymes.