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      Space Medicine: The Ultimate in Remote Healthcare

      Telehealth and Medicine Today

      Partners in Digital Health

      Space Medicine, Remote Healthcare, Telehealth in Outer Space

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          Abstract

          The term “Remote Healthcare” (RHC) clearly defines what is implied by telehealth or telemedicine. The latter terms clearly indicate delivering healthcare at a distance using information and communication technology. Distance today has become meaningless—at least on earth! Geography has indeed become History. The ultimate in providing RHC would be to monitor continuously in almost real time, various health parameters of those in outer space—staying in low earth orbit at present. Eventually, this would extend to the lunar surface, deep space, and one day perhaps, even on the red planet, Mars. This overview discusses some of these challenges.

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          Most cited references 6

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          Venous Thrombosis during Spaceflight

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            Applications of telemedicine in the United States space program.

            Since the beginning of human space flight, NASA has been placing humans in extreme and remote environments. There are many challenges in maintaining humans in outer space, including the provision of life-support systems, radiation shielding, and countermeasures for minimizing the effect of microgravity. Because astronauts are selected for their health, among other factors, disease and illness are minimized. However, it is still of great importance to have appropriate medical care systems in place to address illness and injury should they occur. With the exception of the Apollo program, exploration of space has been limited to missions that are within several hundred miles of the surface of the Earth. At the drawn of the 21st century and the new millennium, human exploration will be focused on operation of the International Space Station (ISS) and preparation for human missions to Mars. These missions will present inherent risks to human health, and, therefore, appropriate plans must be established to address these challenges and risks. Crews of long-duration missions must become more independent from ground controllers. New systems, protocols, and procedures are currently being perfected. Application of emerging technologies in information systems and telecommunications will be critical to inflight medical care. Application of these technologies through telemedicine will provide crew members access to information, noninvasive procedures for assessing health status, and guidance through the integration of sensors, holography, decision-support systems, and virtual environments. These technologies will also serve as a basis to enhance training and medical education. The design of medical care for space flight should lead to a redesign of the practice of medicine on Earth.
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              Health challenges including behavioural problems in long-duration spaceflight

               C Doarn,  J Polk,  M Shepanek (2019)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                TMT
                Telehealth and Medicine Today
                Partners in Digital Health
                2471-6960
                24 April 2020
                2020
                : 5
                Affiliations
                Apollo Telemedicine Networking Foundation & Apollo Telehealth Services, Chennai, India
                Author notes
                Corresponding Author: Prof. K. Ganapathy, Email: drganapathy@ 123456apollohospitals.com
                Article
                178
                10.30953/tmt.v5.178
                © 2020 K. Ganapathy

                This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, adapt, enhance this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial.

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