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      The mental health of expatriate and Kosovar Albanian humanitarian aid workers.

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          Abstract

          The mental health consequences of exposure to traumatic events and the risk factors for psychological morbidity among expatriate and Kosovar Albanian humanitarian aid workers have not been well studied. In June 2000, we used standardised screening tools to survey 285 (69.5%) of 410 expatriate aid workers and 325 (75.8%) of 429 Kosovar Albanian aid workers from 22 humanitarian organizations that were implementing health programmes in Kosovo. The mean number of trauma events experienced by expatriates was 2.8 (standard deviation: 2.7) and by Kosovar staff 3.2 (standard deviation: 2.8). Although only 1.1% of expatriate and 6.2% of Kosovar aid workers reported symptoms consistent with the diagnosis for post-traumatic stress disorder, 17.2% and 16.9%, respectively, reported symptoms satisfying the definition of depression. Regression analysis demonstrated that the number of trauma events experienced was significantly associated with depression for the two sets of workers. Organisational support services may be an important mediating factor and should be targeted at both groups.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Disasters
          Disasters
          Wiley
          0361-3666
          0361-3666
          Jun 2005
          : 29
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
          Article
          DISA278
          10.1111/j.0361-3666.2005.00278.x
          15910647
          e82a4646-775e-4e85-83a9-8b34e5c2f325
          History

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