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      Phenotypic and functional analysis of human CD3+ and CD3- clones with "lymphokine-activated killer" (LAK) activity. Frequent occurrence of CD3+ LAK clones which produce interleukin-2.

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          Abstract

          Clones capable of lysing fresh, uncultured tumor cells ("lymphokine-activated killer": "LAK" activity) were selected from microcultures derived from either E-rosette-positive or E-rosette-negative cell populations. All the selected clones displayed a strong cytolytic activity against the NK-sensitive K562 cell line. Two major phenotypic groups of clones could be identified: a first group expressed the CD3 differentiation antigen, present exclusively on mature T lymphocytes; however, in contrast to typical cytolytic T lymphocytes, the majority of these clones expressed the unusual CD4- CD8- phenotype, whereas the remainder were CD4- CD8+. A second group was represented by CD3- clones which, in most instances, expressed the T-cell-lineage-specific CD2 antigen. Following stimulation with phytohemagglutinin (PHA), most of the CD3+ LAK clones produced Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) whereas those expressing the CD3- phenotype did not. Since previous studies indicated that PHA may be inefficient in inducing lymphokine production by T-cell variants lacking the CD3/T cell receptor complex (TCR), CD3- clones were further stimulated with the calcium ionophore A23187 plus phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). Only 2/11 CD3- LAK clones produced small amounts of IL-2, whereas the majority released IFN-gamma. Given the peculiar phenotypic and functional properties of many CD3 + LAK clones, we suggest that they may belong to a T-cell subset distinct from typical CTLs.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Int J Cancer
          International journal of cancer
          Wiley
          0020-7136
          0020-7136
          Oct 15 1987
          : 40
          : 4
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genoa, Italy.
          Article
          10.1002/ijc.2910400411
          3117711
          e82da495-9dc1-420c-833d-315700cd9407

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