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      Undescended testis in older boys: further evidence that ascending testes are common.

      Journal of Pediatric Surgery
      Adolescent, Age Factors, Child, Child, Preschool, Cryptorchidism, surgery, Humans, Infant, Male, Retrospective Studies

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          We recommend orchiopexy between 9 and 18 months of age for surgical, testicular, and psychological reasons. However, in practice, we observed many patients coming to orchiopexy at a later age. To understand this difference better, we reviewed our experience with patients undergoing late orchiopexy. We reviewed retrospectively the office medical records of all boys who had undergone an orchiopexy between July 1997 and April 2006. We defined a "late" orchiopexy as that performed at 4 years of age or later. Each boy was examined carefully by a pediatric urologist, and preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative findings were reviewed. There were 191 late orchiopexies in 177 patients (from a total of 587 orchiopexies in 552 patients). Median age at the operation was 7.2 years (range, 4.0-16.2). Preoperatively, the testes were palpable in 140 (72%) and nonpalpable in 51 (28%). The apparent reason for the late orchiopexy was an ascending testis (previously descended) in 85 (45%), parental delay in 41 (22%), late referral in 39 (20%), and iatrogenic cryptorchidism in 18 (9%). Ascended testes were more likely to have a history of being retractile (85% vs 30%), to have a patent processus vaginalis (78% vs 54%), and to be localized to the superficial inguinal area (87% vs 50%). Primary care provider and parent education on the benefits of early orchiopexy is important, but in addition, ascending testes are much more common than previously thought. Patients with retractile testes should be followed regularly.

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          Adolescent,Age Factors,Child,Child, Preschool,Cryptorchidism,surgery,Humans,Infant,Male,Retrospective Studies


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