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      Análise Fatorial de Uma Medida de Estratégias de Enfrentamento Translated title: Factorial Analysis of a Coping Measure

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          Abstract

          O objetivo do estudo foi investigar a estrutura fatorial da Escala Modos de Enfrentamento de Problemas - EMEP, na versão adaptada para a população brasileira por Gimenes e Queiroz (1997), para mensurar estratégias de enfrentamento em relação a estressores específicos. A amostra foi composta por 409 adultos de ambos os sexos, onde 252 consideraram como estressor um problema atual que estivesse ocasionando estresse, enquanto 157 foram pessoas portadoras de enfermidades crônicas, que responderam à escala com base no problema de saúde que estavam apresentando. Foram extraídos quatro fatores pelo método dos eixos principais, rotação ortogonal: estratégias de enfrentamento focalizadas no problema, estratégias de enfrentamento focalizadas na emoção, práticas religiosas/pensamento fantasioso e busca de suporte social. A análise dos achados nas duas sub-amostras, diferenciadas quanto aos estressores dominantes, sugere possibilidades positivas de aplicação em contextos de pesquisa e de intervenção profissional, em especial a atuação clínica voltada para manejo do estresse junto a diferentes clientelas.

          Translated abstract

          The goal of this study was to investigate the factorial structure of the Brazilian version of the Ways of Coping Scale (Gimenes & Queiroz, 1997) that measures coping strategies people use when facing specific stressors. The sample of 409 male and female adults was divided into two groups: 252 reported one major stressor related to a real problem in their everyday activities and the other 157 reported and described the suffering of a chronic disease. A factor analysis with principal axis method and orthogonal rotation, extracted four factors: coping strategies based on the stressor, coping strategies based on the emotion, religiosity/fantasy thinking and search for social support. Comparisons between the two samples suggested different possibilities for the development of research and intervention in the clinical work aimed at the management of stress by different type of patients.

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          Using Multivariate Statistics

          Provides an introduction to today's statistics and multivariate techniques. Assuming only a limited knowledge of higher-level mathematics, it provides an account of the considerations involved in determining the most appropriate technique, screening data for compliance, preparing follow-up analyses and preparing the results for journal publication.
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            Social factors in psychopathology: stress, social support, and coping processes.

            Our review has focused centrally on the etiologic significance of social factors in the development of psychopathology. Our implicit assumption has been that social factors in general, and stressors in particular, may play a causal role in the development of psychopathology. Yet the evidence is clear that the vast majority of people who are exposed to stressful life events or to chronic stress situations do not develop significant psychiatric impairments. For this reason, research interest over the past decade has shifted to factors like social support and coping strategies that may ameliorate the impact of stress. We have examined some of the important empirical results from recent studies of stress, support, and coping, and we have discussed ways in which these new understandings have informed long-standing attempts to explain group differences in emotional functioning. In each section of the review we have attempted not only to summarize existing results but also to provide some evaluation of the literature and suggestions for future research. It is important to recognize that the contributors to the work reviewed here do not all share a common research agenda. Some of them are primarily committed to unraveling the psychosocial determinants of a particular clinical disorder. Others are mainly concerned with the effects of a particular stressor. Still others are interested in the processes that link stress to health across a broad array of stress situations and health outcomes. In the face of these diverse interests, it is little wonder that our understanding of social factors in psychopathology is uneven. There is good reason to believe, however that these diverse strands of research are beginning to converge on a common conception of the stress process and on a common research design. The conception at present is only in rough form, but its outlines are nonetheless capable of description. At its center is the notion that stress exposure sets off a process of adaptation. It recognizes that this process unfolds over time, and it acknowledges that this process is modified by structural factors as well as by personal dispositions and vulnerabilities. There is growing recognition that the analysis of this process requires longitudinal methods. Also, it is becoming increasingly clear that experimental interventions are required to unravel the parts of this process that link stress and health. It is too early to know if this nascent convergence will lead to an integrative theory of adaptation, yet it is almost certain to promote methodological and conceptual rigor and facilitate replication and cumulation of findings.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
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              A factor analytically derived measure of coping: The Coping Strategy Indicator.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                ptp
                Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa
                Psic.: Teor. e Pesq.
                Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília (Brasília )
                1806-3446
                September 2001
                : 17
                : 3
                : 225-234
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade de Brasília Brazil
                Article
                S0102-37722001000300004
                10.1590/S0102-37722001000300004
                e8caa8ef-cac5-4642-863c-408320f83e97

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Brazil

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0102-3772&lng=en
                Categories
                PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                coping,stress,factorial structure,enfrentamento,estresse,estrutura fatorial

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