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      Status and comparison of gender role development between Chinese and American sixth grade students

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      1
      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Mental health, Gender identity, Students, Questionnaires

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the status of gender role development of sixth grade students, and to provide cross-cultural theoretical basis for strengthening gender role of students in gender sensitive period.

          Methods Cluster sampling and random cluster sampling method were used to select primary school students from Indiana US and China for gender role study. There are 202 valid questionnaires for American primary school students and 554 for Chinese primary school students. The overall situation of gender role of Chinese primary school students and demographic-specific characteristics was analyzed, and was compared with counterparts in the US.

          Results The overall gender role of Chinese primary school students was typically developed, with 41.2% androgyny, 13.4% masculine, 11.2% feminine, and undifferentiated, 34.3%. Gender role develops faster in girl (29.2%) than that of boys (39.4%) (χ 2 = 4.13, P<0.05). The proportion of androgyny of Chinese students was significantly higher than that of the US (26.2%) (χ 2 = 8.86, P<0.01), and the proportion of feminization in the US (17.3%) was significantly higher than that of China (χ 2 = 4.34, P <0.05).

          Conclusion The development of gender role among contemporary primary school students is greatly improved, although boys’ gender role needs more guidance than girls. The development of gender role among Chinese primary school students is better than that of the US, which enhances our cultural competence in the future.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解中国小学六年级学生性别角色发展状况并与美国小学生进行对比, 为性别发展敏感时期学生的性别 角色干预提供跨文化的理论依据。 方法 采取整群抽样和随机整群抽样的方法分别抽取 202 名美国印第安纳州六年级小 学生与 554 名中国江苏省六年级小学生进行性别角色问卷调査。对中国小学生进行性别角色整体状况分析与人口学差异 检验, 并与美国小学生性别角色发展状况进行对比。 结果 中国小学生总体性别角色发展较好, 双性化达到 41.2%, 男性 化占 13.4%, 女性化占 11.2%, 未分化占 34.3%; 女生未分化比例 (29.2%) 低于男生 (39.4%) (χ 2 = 4.13, P<0.05); 中国小学 生双性化比例髙于美国 (26.2%) (χ 2 = 8.86, P<0.01), 女性化比例低于美国 (17.3%) (χ 2 = 4.34, P<0.05)。 结论 当代小学 生性别角色发展有大幅提升, 但男生性别角色比女生更需要引导; 中国小学生性别角色发展优于美国。应建立文化自信, 立足本土。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 October 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 10
          : 1540-1543
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Teacher Education, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing (210000), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.023
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.10.023
          e8cf12fb-c5da-4b98-8fb8-b0b0eaa549b1
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Gender identity,Questionnaires,Students,Mental health

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