Overpressure and fluid flow processes in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico were investigated during Expedition 308 of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. This data report presents the results from a reconsolidation test that was carried out on a clay-rich sample from the base of Brazos-Trinity Basin IV, at 276.40 m below seafloor. The sample was subjected to a stress path of uniaxial strain (K0 reconsolidation), and the test was conducted in an advanced triaxial cell under drained conditions. Posttest investigation revealed that the sample was disturbed by drilling. The results should be interpreted with care. The sample was loaded to a total effective vertical stress, σv′, of 24 MPa, corresponding to effective horizontal stress, σh′, of >16 MPa and vertical strain, εv, of 16%. The results propose an effective vertical yield stress of 2.03 MPa, which suggests a maximum pore fluid pressure in excess of hydrostatic water pressure of 0.24 MPa. Furthermore, the ratio between effective horizontal and vertical stresses is rather constant, ~0.7, even at high stress magnitudes.