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      Statin Use before By-Pass Surgery Decreases the Incidence and Shortens the Duration of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation

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          Abstract

          Backround: The aim of the present observational study is to search the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with or without preoperative statin treatment. Methods and Results: The population consisted of 362 consecutive patients (267 on and 95 not on statin). Diabetes mellitus was more frequent in statin group (p = 0.03). Other demographic and procedural variables were similar in the both groups (All p > 0.05). Postoperative AF was less frequent and its duration was shorter in statin group compared to non-statin group (p = 0.03 and 0.0001, respectively). The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed the protective effect of statins against the risk of developing AF (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Statin treatment before the by-pass surgery decreases the incidence and shortens the duration of postoperative AF.

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          Most cited references 9

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          C-Reactive Protein Elevation in Patients With Atrial Arrhythmias

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            A perspective of postoperative atrial fibrillation in cardiac operations.

             Carla Cox (1993)
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              Usefulness of statin drugs in protecting against atrial fibrillation in patients with coronary artery disease.

              Atrial fibrillation (AF) is prevalent in the elderly, in patients with hypertension, and in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We hypothesized that statin therapy might be effective in preventing AF in patients with CAD and examined this hypothesis in a sample of patients with chronic stable CAD without AF, followed prospectively at a large outpatient cardiology practice. The association between statin use and the risk of developing AF was examined univariately and then with adjustment for potential confounding factors. Four hundred forty-nine men and women between the ages of 40 and 87 years were followed for an average of 5 years. Fifty-two patients (12%) developed AF during follow-up. Statin therapy was used by 59% of the patients during the study period and was associated with a significantly reduced risk of developing AF (crude odds ratio, 0.48, 95% confidence interval 0.28 to 0.83). This association remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders, including age, hypertension, left ventricular systolic function, occurrence of heart failure or acute ischemic events, and baseline cholesterol and changes in cholesterol levels (adjusted odds ratio 0.37, 95% confidence interval 0.18 to 0.76). Use of statins in patients with chronic stable CAD appears to be protective against AF. The underlying mechanism for this effect is unknown but appears to be independent of the reduction in serum cholesterol levels.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2007
                February 2007
                18 July 2006
                : 107
                : 2
                : 117-121
                Affiliations
                Departments of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Suleyman Demirel University Medical School, Isparta, Turkey
                Article
                94589 Cardiology 2007;107:117–121
                10.1159/000094589
                16864965
                © 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 19, Pages: 5
                Categories
                Original Research

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