Oleksandr Popov 1 , Andrii Iatsyshyn 1 , Valeriia Kovach , 1 , Volodymyr Artemchuk 2 , Iryna Kameneva 2 , Dmytro Taraduda 3 , Vitaliy Sobyna 3 , Dmitry Sokolov 3 , Maksim Dement 3 , Teodoziia Yatsyshyn 4
22 January 2020
According to the World Health Organization, 92% of the world's population lives in places where air quality levels exceed recommended limits. Recently, Ukraine had the most deaths per every 100,000 people (out of 120 countries) attributed to atmospheric air pollution. High levels of atmospheric air pollution have been observed not only in typically industrial regions, but in Ukraine's capital, Kyiv, as well.
The aim of the present study was to establish the state of air pollution in Kyiv and perform a risk assessment of associated human health effects.
Using official statistics and state monitoring data, the study aimed to identify and analyze risks to the health of Kyiv's population associated with air pollution. The following methods were used: systematic, functional and comparative analysis, risk theory, mathematical modeling, probability theory and mathematical statistics, as well as geographic information system technologies for digital map design and objective-oriented methodology for software design systems.
The risk values across different areas of the city varied significantly, indicating that atmospheric air quality remains unstable. Areas with the highest and lowest risk values were identified.
The environmental state of atmospheric air in Kyiv requires greater attention and additional research to identify the causes of air pollution, along with implementation of measures to improve air quality.