To evaluate the relationship between pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and optic disc morphology in glaucoma suspect and glaucoma.
Eighty-six eyes of glaucoma suspect and 145 eyes of manifest glaucoma subjects were included in this study. Average peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness was obtained with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and optic disc imaging was performed using the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph (HRT). Visual function was evaluated with perimetry (SITA and frequency doubling technology) and PERG. Scatter plots and correlation coefficients were evaluated between visual function and RNFL thickness or optic disc structure.
Scatter plots of PERG and perimetry according to RNFL thickness change showed that PERG started to decrease earlier than did perimetry. The differences between linear and logarithmic R 2 were largest for the scatter plot of SITA 24–2 (linear R 2 = 0.415; logarithmic R 2 = 0.443) and the smallest for P50 amplitude of PERG (linear R 2 = 0.136, logarithmic R 2 = 0.138). In glaucoma suspect, HRT parameters such as cup shape measure (CSM) and linear cup-disc ratio (CDR) had significant correlations with PERG amplitudes ( P = 0.016 for P50 and 0.049 for N95 in CSM, P = 0.012 for P50 in CDR). However, in glaucoma patients, mean RNFL thickness was associated with PERG amplitude ( P = 0.011 for P50 and 0.002 for N95).