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      Working models of attachment shape perceptions of social support: evidence from experimental and observational studies.

      Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

      Adult, Female, Humans, Male, Object Attachment, Questionnaires, Social Perception, Social Support

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          Abstract

          Two studies examined the association between attachment style and perceptions of social support. Study 1 (N = 95 couples) used an experimental paradigm to manipulate social support in the context of a stressful task. Insecure participants (anxious and avoidant) who received low-support messages appraised these messages more negatively, rated a prior behavioral interaction with their partner as having been less supportive, and performed significantly worse at their task compared with secure participants. Study 2 (N = 153 couples) used a similar paradigm except that partners were allowed to send genuine support messages. Insecure participants (especially fearful) perceived their partners' messages as less supportive, even after controlling for independent ratings of the messages and relationship-specific expectations. These studies provide evidence that individuals are predisposed to appraise their support experiences in ways that are consistent with their chronic working models of attachment, especially when the support message is ambiguous. ((c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)

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          Journal
          15382986
          10.1037/0022-3514.87.3.363

          Chemistry

          Adult, Female, Humans, Male, Object Attachment, Questionnaires, Social Perception, Social Support

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