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      Justiça distributiva no serviço de saúde especializado e no acesso a medicamentos Translated title: Distributive justice in specialized health service and in access to medication Translated title: Justicia distributiva en el servicio de salud especializado y en el acceso a medicamentos

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          Abstract

          Quando se fala de doenças crônicas e do sistema público de saúde, a escassez de recursos está sempre em pauta. O estudo analisou o referenciamento e o acesso à medicação em indivíduos assistidos pelo serviço público estadual Hiperdia. Trata-se de pesquisa transversal, com 250 indivíduos referenciados para esse nível secundário de atenção à hipertensão e diabetes. Investigaram-se critérios biológicos, acesso aos medicamentos, perfil sociodemográfico e econômico e condição de saúde. O nível de significância estatística foi de 5%. O referenciamento correto foi de 64,0%, embora incorreto para quase metade dos que utilizaram o transporte público municipal. O acesso total à medicação (69,6%) estava associado à menor renda familiar (p < 0,05). A discussão, fundamentada no princípio da justiça distributiva, concluiu pela recomendação de melhor capacitação dos profissionais no referenciamento de serviços assistenciais, com redução do desperdício em transporte público e atenção especializada, além do que, tal investimento deve ser revertido em maior distribuição gratuita de medicamentos.

          Translated abstract

          When speaking of chronic illnesses and the public health system, the lack of resources is on the agenda. The study analyzed the referencing and access to medication in individuals assisted by the State Public Service Hiperdia. It is a transversal study, with 250 individuals referred for this secondary level of attention to hypertension and diabetes. The study investigated biological criteria, access to medicine, socio-demographic and economic profile and health condition. The level of statistical significance was 5%. The correct referencing was 64.0%, although incorrect for nearly half of those that used municipal public transportation. The total access to medicine (69.6%) was associated with the lowest family incomes (p < 0.05). The discussion, based on the principle of distributive justice, was concluded by recommending better training of professionals in referencing assistance services, with a reduction of waste in public transport and specialized attention, because such investment should be reverted to a wider distribution of medicine.

          Translated abstract

          Cuando se habla de enfermedades crónicas y sistema público de salud, la escasez de recursos está en agenda. El estudio analizó la derivación y el acceso a la medicación de individuos asistidos por el servicio público estatal Hiperdia. Se trata de un estudio transversal, con 250 individuos derivados hacia el nivel secundario, para la atención de hipertensión y diabetes. Se investigaron criterios biológicos, acceso a los medicamentos, perfil sociodemográfico y económico y condición de salud. El nivel de significación estadística fuel del 5%. La derivación correcta fue del 64,0%, aunque incorrecto para casi la mitad de los que utilizaron transporte público municipal. El acceso total a la medicación (69,6%) estuvo asociado al menor ingreso familiar (p < 0,05). La discusión, basada en el principio de la justicia distributiva, concluyó recomendando mejor capacitación de los profesionales en la derivación de servicios asistenciales, con reducción del gasto en transporte público y atención especializada, pues tal inversión debe ser traducida en mayor distribución gratuita de medicamentos.

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          Most cited references 24

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          General cardiovascular risk profile for use in primary care: the Framingham Heart Study.

          Separate multivariable risk algorithms are commonly used to assess risk of specific atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, ie, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, and heart failure. The present report presents a single multivariable risk function that predicts risk of developing all CVD and of its constituents. We used Cox proportional-hazards regression to evaluate the risk of developing a first CVD event in 8491 Framingham study participants (mean age, 49 years; 4522 women) who attended a routine examination between 30 and 74 years of age and were free of CVD. Sex-specific multivariable risk functions ("general CVD" algorithms) were derived that incorporated age, total and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, treatment for hypertension, smoking, and diabetes status. We assessed the performance of the general CVD algorithms for predicting individual CVD events (coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, or heart failure). Over 12 years of follow-up, 1174 participants (456 women) developed a first CVD event. All traditional risk factors evaluated predicted CVD risk (multivariable-adjusted P<0.0001). The general CVD algorithm demonstrated good discrimination (C statistic, 0.763 [men] and 0.793 [women]) and calibration. Simple adjustments to the general CVD risk algorithms allowed estimation of the risks of each CVD component. Two simple risk scores are presented, 1 based on all traditional risk factors and the other based on non-laboratory-based predictors. A sex-specific multivariable risk factor algorithm can be conveniently used to assess general CVD risk and risk of individual CVD events (coronary, cerebrovascular, and peripheral arterial disease and heart failure). The estimated absolute CVD event rates can be used to quantify risk and to guide preventive care.
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            Equity, Equality, and Need: What Determines Which Value Will Be Used as the Basis of Distributive Justice?

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              Censo Demográfico

              (2006)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                bioet
                Revista Bioética
                Rev. Bioét.
                Conselho Federal de Medicina (Brasília )
                1983-8034
                August 2015
                : 23
                : 2
                : 373-386
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Faculdades Integradas Pitágoras Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros Brazil
                [3 ] Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros Brazil
                [4 ] Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros Brazil
                [5 ] Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros Brazil
                Article
                S1983-80422015000200373
                10.1590/1983-80422015232076

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                ETHICS
                MEDICAL ETHICS

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