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      Stigma as a fundamental cause of population health inequalities.

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          Abstract

          Bodies of research pertaining to specific stigmatized statuses have typically developed in separate domains and have focused on single outcomes at 1 level of analysis, thereby obscuring the full significance of stigma as a fundamental driver of population health. Here we provide illustrative evidence on the health consequences of stigma and present a conceptual framework describing the psychological and structural pathways through which stigma influences health. Because of its pervasiveness, its disruption of multiple life domains (e.g., resources, social relationships, and coping behaviors), and its corrosive impact on the health of populations, stigma should be considered alongside the other major organizing concepts for research on social determinants of population health.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Am J Public Health
          American journal of public health
          American Public Health Association
          1541-0048
          0090-0036
          May 2013
          : 103
          : 5
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. 2101@columbia.edu
          Article
          NIHMS480337
          10.2105/AJPH.2012.301069
          3682466
          23488505
          ea85579d-9c09-4324-9d1e-37cbb2eb327b
          History

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