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      The Anti-Platelet Agent, Ticlopidine, Upregulates Interleukin-1-Beta-Stimulated Nitric Oxide Production in Cultured Rat Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

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          Abstract

          Background: Hemodialysis patients who had been treated with anti-platelet aggregation drugs, including ticlopidine, sometimes developed hypotension. The mechanism by which ticlopidine lowers the blood pressure in hemodialysis patients is unclear. To elucidate the mechanism of the action of this drug, we investigated cytokine-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) metabolism by ticlopidine in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Methods: Nitrite, a stable metabolite of NO, and intracellular cAMP and cGMP contents were assayed by the Griess method and enzyme immunoassay, respectively. iNOS mRNA and protein expressions were analyzed by Northern blotting and Western blotting. Results: Ticlopidine enhanced interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-induced nitrite production in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein expressions of inducible NO synthase were upregulated by ticlopidine in a dose- and time-dependent manner. IL-1β alone stimulated both intracellular cAMP and cGMP contents, and the addition of ticlopidine further enhanced their contents. KT 5720, a selective inhibitor of protein kinase A, but not KT 5823, a selective inhibitor of protein kinase G, abolished the enhancement of IL-1β-induced nitrite production by ticlopidine. In addition, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, isobutylmethylxanthine, enhanced IL-1β and ticlopidine induced nitrite production. Conclusion: We concluded that ticlopidine enhanced the IL-1β-induced NO production via cAMP and subsequent activation of protein kinase A in cultured rat VSMC.

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          Most cited references 6

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          Nitric oxide, a novel biologic messenger.

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            Arterial stiffness

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              Arginine vasopressin inhibits interleukin-1 beta-stimulated nitric oxide and cyclic guanosine monophosphate production via the V1 receptor in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells.

               T Umino,  Y. Asano,  S. Tian (1997)
              It has been reported that various vasoactive substance modulate cytokine stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production in many cell types. To examine the effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on the production of NO and cyclic GMP (cGMP), and on inducible nitric oxide synthase (INOS) in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Because VSMC possess the V1 receptor which clauses vascular contraction and respond to various cytokines for producing NO, we used rat VSMC and selected interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) as a potent stimulator of NO production among various cytokines. We also measured cGMP production, which is the final mediator of NO-induced vascular relaxation, in order to evaluate the physiologic meaning of the present study. VSMC were incubated with test agents for 24 h except for a time-course study. Nitrite as a stable end product of NO was measured in the medium. Intracellular cGMP contents were assayed by enzyme immunoassay. INOS messenger RNA expression was analyzed by Northern blotting. AVP inhibited IL-1 beta-induced nitrite production in a dose- and time-dependent manner with concomitant changes in intracellular cGMP contents. On the other hand, AVP did not affect nitrite and cGMP production in the absence of IL-1 beta. Inhibition of nitrite and cGMP production by AVP was reversed by administration of the specific V1 receptor antagonist [1-(beta-mercapto-beta,beta- cyclopentamethylene propionic acid), 2-(O-methyl)-tyrosine] -Arg8-vasopressin) but not by the oxytocin (OXT) receptor antagonist [d(CH2(5)), TyrMe2, Orn8]-Vasotocin. Administration of the V1 receptor antagonist or OXT receptor antagonist alone did not affect IL-1 beta-stimulated nitrite and cGMP production. Although administration of AVP inhibited IL-1 beta-induced INOS messenger RNA expression, administration of the V1 receptor antagonist but not of the OXT receptor antagonist reversed this inhibition. It is suggested that AVP inhibits IL-1 beta-induced NO and cGMP production via the V1 receptor but not via the OXT receptor in VSMC. AVP can cause vascular contraction not only through direct action but also through indirect action by inhibiting NO production under some inflammatory conditions.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                EXN
                Nephron Exp Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.1660-2129
                Cardiorenal Medicine
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2129
                2002
                2002
                27 June 2002
                : 10
                : 4
                : 267-274
                Affiliations
                Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan
                Article
                63701 Exp Nephrol 2002;10:267–274
                10.1159/000063701
                12097830
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 1, References: 37, Pages: 8
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/63701
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