The growth and development of children is related to the future of the country and the nation. In recent years, there have been more and more cohort studies in the field of children’s mental health. Bymainly introducing the advantages of cohort studies on children in distress and organizes domestic and foreign cohort studies in the field of mental health of children in distress, this article finds that it is mostly used in depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, suicidal ideation and attempts, etc, and mainly explores the risk and prevalence of mental health development in children in distress, and identifies long-term negative damage. The research aims to promote the long-term development and high-quality development of such research by analyzing and summarizing the status quo and prospects of cohort research in the field of mental health of children in distress.
【摘要】 儿童成长和发展关乎国家和民族未来, 近年来关于儿童心理健康领域的队列研究越来越多, 研究通过介绍困境儿童队列研究优势并对国内外有关困境儿童心理健康领域的队列研究进行整理, 发现其多应用于抑郁、焦虑、创伤后应激障碍、自杀意念及企图等方向, 主要探究困境儿童心理健康发展风险及流行程度, 识别长期负面损害, 并分析和总结困境儿童心理健康领域队列研究的现状和前景, 以推动该类研究长远发展及向高质量发展。