Joyce S Ramos 1 , 2 , Lance C Dalleck 2 , 3 , Rebecca C Stennett 1 , Gregore I Mielke 1 , Shelley E Keating 1 , Lydia Murray 4 , Sumaira Z Hasnain 4 , 5 , Robert G Fassett 1 , Michael McGuckin 4 , 6 , Ilaria Croci 1 , 7 , Jeff S Coombes 1
09 July 2020
IL-22 may have a role in the alleviation of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) via protection of pancreatic beta and endothelial cells from oxidative and lipid-induced damage. We aimed to investigate the effects of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and different volumes of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on changes in circulating IL-22.
This was a sub-study of the “Exercise in the prevention of Metabolic Syndrome” (EX-MET) a multi-center, randomized trial. This study used data collected at the Brisbane site. Thirty-nine individuals with MetS were randomized to one of three 16-wk interventions: 1) MICT (n=10, 30min at 60–70% HR peak, 5x/wk); 2) 4HIIT (n=13, 4x4min at 85–95% HR peak, interspersed with 3min of active recovery at 50–70% HR peak, 3x/wk); or 3) 1HIIT (n=16, 1x4min at 85–95% HR peak, 3x/wk). Serum IL-22 concentration was measured following a 12-hr fast via an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, before and after the intervention. MetS severity, insulin resistance (IR), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also measured via MetS z-score, HOMA-IR, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and indirect calorimetry (maximal exercise test), respectively.
The median (IQR) IL-22% changes from pre- to post-intervention in the MICT, 4HIIT, and 1HIIT groups were −17% (−43.0% to 31.3%), +16.5% (−18.9% to 154.9%), and +15.9% (−28.7% to 46.1%), respectively. Although there were no significant between-group differences in IL-22 concentration change, there was a medium-to-large group × time interaction effect [F(2,35)=2.08, p=0.14, η 2=0.14].