Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Changes in Heart Rate Variability in Chronic Uremic Patients during Ultrafiltration and Hemodialysis

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background: The analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) is a useful tool to evaluate cardiac autonomic modulation, which is frequently impaired in chronic uremia. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate HRV in chronic uremics and to separately investigate the acute changes induced by volume depletion and solute removal during a hemodialysis session. Methods: Fourteen uremic patients (8 males and 6 females, aged 50 ± 15 years) on maintenance hemodialysis and 14 sex- and age-matched healthy controls were studied. Both groups underwent ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring to evaluate the HRV time and frequency domain indices. The hemodialysis session was performed by 1 h of high-rate isolated ultrafiltration followed by 3 h of bicarbonate diffusive procedure. Results: In uremic patients, the overall variability in the frequency [low-frequency power (LF): 505 ± 473, vs. 1,446 ± 654; high-frequency power (HF): 133 ± 162 vs. 512 ± 417; p < 0.001] and time domain indices (standard deviation of normal R-R intervals: 101.9 ± 33.3 vs. 181.7 ± 44.1 ms; p < 0.001) was markedly reduced compared to controls, whereas mean heart rate (83 ± 12.4 vs. 60.9 ± 8.8 bpm; p < 0.001) and LF/HF ratio (5.8 ± 3.5 vs. 2.2 ± 0.8; p < 0.001) were increased. Isolated ultrafiltration produced a marked further decrease in HRV indices, but the subsequent diffusive hemodialysis procedure, with a low ultrafiltration rate, made HRV increase again. Conclusions: Chronic uremics showed abnormal autonomic modulation with sympathetic-vagal imbalance. The unbalanced hypersympathetic response to body fluid depletion is related to the ultrafiltration rate. Low interdialytic weight gain and a low ultrafiltration rate, associated with adequate hemodialysis, should be the preferable strategy for uremic patients with autonomic dysfunction.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 3

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Long, slow dialysis.

           B Charra,  C Chazot,  G. Jean (2000)
          Long slow hemodialysis (3 x 8 hours/week) has been used in Tassin for 30 years without significant change in the method. It provides excellent results in terms of morbidity and mortality. The better survival than usually reported on shorter dialysis is mainly due to lower cardiovascular mortality. The nutritional state of the patient is good, as well as the correction of anemia with low doses of EPO. But the main feature concerns blood pressure; hypertension is very well controlled without need for antihypertensive medications. The gentle ultrafiltration provided by a long session time associated with a low salt diet and a moderate interdialytic weight gain allows for normalization of the extracellular fluid space in most patients (dry weight) without important intradialytic morbidity. This low salt diet has paradoxically been forgotten in recent years while shortened dialysis time renders it more necessary than ever.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Does dialysis therapy improve autonomic and peripheral nervous system abnormalities in chronic uraemia?

            Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction and peripheral neuropathy occur in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. Adequate renal replacement therapy should prevent development or correct these abnormalities.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Plasma catecholamines in hypertension and pheochromocytoma determined using ion-pair reversed-phase chromatography with amperometric detection

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                BPU
                Blood Purif
                10.1159/issn.0253-5068
                Blood Purification
                S. Karger AG
                0253-5068
                1421-9735
                2001
                2001
                20 September 2001
                : 19
                : 4
                : 395-400
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, and bDivision of Nephrology, ASL of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
                Article
                46970 Blood Purif 2001;19:395–400
                10.1159/000046970
                11574736
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 2, References: 24, Pages: 6
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46970
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                Heart rate variability, Autonomic dysfunction, Hemodialysis

                Comments

                Comment on this article