Objective To explore the psychological vulnerability in the relationship between stressful life events and psychological crisis, and to provide basis for psychological crisis prevention among college students.
Methods With stratified cluster sampling, 3584 students in Weifang Medical University and Weifang University were selected for a cross-sectional self-administrated questionnaire survey in December 2017. A self-designed general questionnaire, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC), psychological vulnerability scale, and psychological crisis performance questionnaire for college students were applied in the survey. Mediating effect was tested by using SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0.
Results The average score was 36.53±8.58 for life events (ASLEC), 54.21±11.80 for psychological vulnerability, and 26.33±39.72 for psychological crisis performance. The life events score was positively correlated with psychological crisis score ( n = 0.54, P<0.05) and positively correlated with psychological vulnerability score ( r = 0.30, P<0.05); psychological vulnerability score was positively correlated with psychological crisis score ( r = 0.37, P<0.05). Psychological vulnerability played a partial intermediary role on the relationship between life events and psychological among undergraduates, the effect was 0.10 accounting for 15.13% of the total effect.
Conclusion Life events have made a direct influence and an indirect influence mediated by psychological crisis vulnerability on psychological crisis among undergraduates.
【摘要】目的 探究心理危机脆弱性在大学生生活事件应激与心理危机之间的中介效应，为预防大学生心理危机提 供理论依据。 方法 采用按年级分层整群抽样方法，对潍坊医学院3 584名大学生进行青少年生活事件量表、心理危机脆 弱性量表、大学生心理危机表现的问卷调査，AMOS 23.0进行统计分析。 结果 生活事件、心理危机脆弱性和心理危机表 现的总分分别为（36.53±8.58) (54.21±11.80) (26.33±39.72) 分；生活事件总分与心理危机表现得分呈正相关（ r = 0.54， P < 0.05) ，与心理危机脆弱性总分呈正相关（ r = 0.30， P<0.05);心理危机脆弱性总分与心理危机表现得分呈正相关（ r = 0.37， P <0.05)。心理危机脆弱性在生活事件与心理危机间起到部分中介作用，部分中介效应为0.10，占总效应的15.13%。 结论 生活事件既可以对大学生心理危机产生直接作用，又可通过心理危机脆弱性水平间接作用于心理危机。