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      Mutant huntingtin affects endocytosis in striatal cells by altering the binding of AP-2 to membranes.

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          Abstract

          Clathrin-mediated endocytosis plays an important role in the maintenance of neuronal integrity in the synaptic terminals. Here we studied the effect of anomalous polyglutamine expansion in huntingtin on the interaction of coat proteins with membranes, in areas of mouse brain or in cultured striatal cells. We observed that this anomaly induces a redistribution of AP-2, but not other coat proteins, from the membrane to the cytosol in the striatum, and in the cultured striatal cells. It was also noted that huntingtin associates with AP-2, and that this association decreases due to the mutation in huntingtin. This decreased receptor-mediated endocytosis, measured by the internalization of transferrin in the mutated cells. It was also confirmed that huntingtin mutation made the cells more vulnerable to the action of quinolinic acid, with an increasing degradation of the AP-2 alpha subunits. On the basis of these results, we conclude that abnormal polyglutamine expansion in huntingtin affects clathrin-mediated endocytosis, and may be one of the pathogenic mechanisms of neurodegeneration.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Exp. Neurol.
          Experimental neurology
          Elsevier BV
          1090-2430
          0014-4886
          Mar 2013
          : 241
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Laboratorio de Biología y Fisiología Celular Dr. Francisco Bertini, Instituto de Histología y Embriología-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina.
          Article
          S0014-4886(12)00442-6
          10.1016/j.expneurol.2012.11.025
          23219902

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