In order to find out whether different light spectra have any role in regulating the gonadotropin levels in male rats, we compared the 24-hour patterns of plasma and pituitary gonadotropins in rats kept for 7 days in natural or in cool white artificial lighting (exp. I). The intensity and periodicity of the two lighting conditions were adjusted as similar as possible. Further, we measured plasma and pituitary gonadotropins in the middle of the light period and in the middle of the dark period in rats kept for 7 days under artificial lightings of three different spectra (exp. II). In both experiments, in all lighting conditions we found higher plasma levels of LH and FSH during the dark than the light period. The differences were statistically significant only when the illumination contained more long and/or short wavelengths than the usual cool white laboratory lighting. The pituitary contents of gonadotropins were not found to vary with the periodicity of lighting. In the 24-hour patterns the overall plasma levels were higher and the pituitary contents of gonadotropins lower in natural lighting than in cool white lighting. It was concluded that the spectral properties of light influence the secretion of gonadotropins in male rats, but the mechanism involved remains to be clarified.