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Percepción materna del estado nutritivo de sus hijos obesos Translated title: Maternal perception of the nutritional state of their obese children

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      Abstract

      La obesidad infantil afecta aproximadamente al 7% de la población chilena menor de seis años. A pesar de las múltiples estrategias para enfrentar esta patología, los resultados continúan siendo desalentadores. Un factor que puede influir en los magros resultados terapéuticos, es una percepción materna alterada del estado nutritivo de sus hijos obesos. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la percepción materna respecto al estado nutritivo de sus hijos, lo que se realizó a través de la aplicación de una encuesta a 64 madres de niños obesos que llevaban a sus hijos a control sano en el Hospital de Penco-Lirquén, VIII Región, Chile. Resultados: se encontró un elevado nivel de conciencia de las madres respecto a que la obesidad es una condición patológica (98,4%); sin embargo, la percepción de estas en relación al estado nutricional de sus hijos obesos fue considerablemente distorsionada, ya que el 37,5% lo encontró solo un poco excedido de peso y el 26,6% como de peso normal. Estos resultados podrían explicar en parte el elevado porcentaje de fracasos en el tratamiento de la obesidad infantil; por lo tanto, se recomienda diseñar estrategias de manejo en el futuro, que incluyan el definir previamente al iniciar un tratamiento la percepción materna del estado nutricional de su hijo obeso

      Translated abstract

      Childhood obesity affects approximately 7% of the Chilean population less than 6 years old. Inspite of multiple efforts in the treatment of obesity the results continue to be poor. One factor that may influence these results is an erroneous parental perception of the nutritional status of their obese children. Using a questionnaire we interviewed 64 mothers of obese children who regularly attend the Penco Lirquen Hospital. We found a high level of awareness of understanding that obesity is a pathological condition (98.4%). However the mothers had an altered perception of the nutritional status of their children. 37.5% thought their children were only slightly obese and 26.6% as having a normal weight. This could partly explain the elevated percentage of failures in the treatment of childhood obesity. We recommend that in future treatment strategies of obese children that the parental perception of the nutritional state should be previously defined

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      Most cited references 13

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        The objective of this literature review was to explore the relationship between nutritional status outcomes among ethnically diverse children and cultural and environmental contexts. Articles form the literature on anthropometric/body composition measure, diet, and physiologic outcomes among ethnically diverse children were identified through on-line literature searches and references from articles reviewed. These studies were critically reviewed and selected if they reported findings resulting from use of accepted methodologies. Explanations consistent with evaluation of results from the studies and reports were developed by synthesis of the findings. Children from underserved, ethnically diverse population groups were at increased risk for obesity, increased serum lipid levels, and dietary consumption patterns that do not meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. More than 80% of all US children consume more than the recommended amount of total fat and saturated fat. These factors, which were noted during childhood, may track into adolescence, placing these children at increased risk for the early onset of chronic diseases such as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and some forms of cancer. Although federally funded food assistance programs are changing rapidly, currently they provide foods that, when eaten as recommended, exceed the Dietary Guidelines for these children. Future interventions to improve the health and nutritional status of our nation's children, especially those from underserved, ethnically diverse groups, should be culturally appropriate and implemented at the levels of individuals, families, and communities.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Servicio de Salud Talcahuano
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Journal
            rcp
            Revista chilena de pediatría
            Rev. chil. pediatr.
            Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría (Santiago )
            0370-4106
            July 2000
            : 71
            : 4
            : 316-320
            S0370-41062000000400006
            10.4067/S0370-41062000000400006

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Chile
            Categories
            PEDIATRICS

            Pediatrics

            obesidad infantil, percepción materna, childhood obesity, maternal perception

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