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      Percepción materna del estado nutritivo de sus hijos obesos Translated title: Maternal perception of the nutritional state of their obese children

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          La obesidad infantil afecta aproximadamente al 7% de la población chilena menor de seis años. A pesar de las múltiples estrategias para enfrentar esta patología, los resultados continúan siendo desalentadores. Un factor que puede influir en los magros resultados terapéuticos, es una percepción materna alterada del estado nutritivo de sus hijos obesos. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la percepción materna respecto al estado nutritivo de sus hijos, lo que se realizó a través de la aplicación de una encuesta a 64 madres de niños obesos que llevaban a sus hijos a control sano en el Hospital de Penco-Lirquén, VIII Región, Chile. Resultados: se encontró un elevado nivel de conciencia de las madres respecto a que la obesidad es una condición patológica (98,4%); sin embargo, la percepción de estas en relación al estado nutricional de sus hijos obesos fue considerablemente distorsionada, ya que el 37,5% lo encontró solo un poco excedido de peso y el 26,6% como de peso normal. Estos resultados podrían explicar en parte el elevado porcentaje de fracasos en el tratamiento de la obesidad infantil; por lo tanto, se recomienda diseñar estrategias de manejo en el futuro, que incluyan el definir previamente al iniciar un tratamiento la percepción materna del estado nutricional de su hijo obeso

          Translated abstract

          Childhood obesity affects approximately 7% of the Chilean population less than 6 years old. Inspite of multiple efforts in the treatment of obesity the results continue to be poor. One factor that may influence these results is an erroneous parental perception of the nutritional status of their obese children. Using a questionnaire we interviewed 64 mothers of obese children who regularly attend the Penco Lirquen Hospital. We found a high level of awareness of understanding that obesity is a pathological condition (98.4%). However the mothers had an altered perception of the nutritional status of their children. 37.5% thought their children were only slightly obese and 26.6% as having a normal weight. This could partly explain the elevated percentage of failures in the treatment of childhood obesity. We recommend that in future treatment strategies of obese children that the parental perception of the nutritional state should be previously defined

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                Author and article information

                [1 ] Servicio de Salud Talcahuano
                Role: ND
                Revista chilena de pediatría
                Rev. chil. pediatr.
                Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría (Santiago )
                July 2000
                : 71
                : 4
                : 316-320


                Product Information: SciELO Chile


                obesidad infantil, percepción materna, childhood obesity, maternal perception


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