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      How children use the input to acquire the Spanish copulas Ser and Estar with adjectives Translated title: El uso del input en la adquisición de las cópulas Ser y Estar con adjetivos en el español infantil


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          This paper investigates Spanish-speaking children's acquisition of ser and estar with adjectives. Studies based on production data have shown that ser and estar are acquired early. However, we know very little about how children acquire this knowledge based on the linguistic input they are exposed to. Production data of ser and estar by eleven children and their principal caretakers were collected in order to investigate whether and how children extract information from parental input. A qualitative analysis of both the children's natural production and their respective input indicated that children's choice of the copulas was related to the semantic and morphological properties of the adjectives they appear with, suggesting that children may use linguistic generalizations independent from the input in order to acquire ser and estar.

          Translated abstract

          En esta investigación se estudia la adquisición de las cópulas ser y estar con adjetivos. Estudios con datos de producción indican que ser y estar se adquieren en etapas tempranas. Sin embargo, se sabe muy poco sobre cómo los niños extraen este conocimiento del input lingüístico al que están expuestos. Con el objetivo de investigar qué tipo de información está presente en el input y cómo los niños acceden a ella se recogieron datos de producción natural de once niños y sus respectivos padres. El análisis cualitativo de la producción de los niños y la producción de los padres (input paterno) indica que la elección de las cópulas se encuentra relacionada con las propiedades semánticas y morfológicas de los adjetivos con los que aparecen. Los resultados sugieren que los niños podrían usar generalizaciones lingüísticas independientes del input para adquirir ser y estar.

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          Most cited references40

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          Gramática de la lengua castellana

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            The gradual loss of mood distinctions in Los Angeles Spanish

            This article focuses on a change affecting Spanish in contact with English in the United States: namely, simplification and loss of Subjunctive (Sub) mood morphology. Conversational data from 17 Mexican-American bilinguals living in the eastern section of Los Angeles are analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The speakers represent three different immigrant groups, according to length of family stay in the United States. The variation between Indicative (Ind) and Sub usage attested in the Spanish-speaking world results from the continuing modifications which have affected the distribution of Ind and Sub forms through the diachronic development of Spanish: previously obligatory contexts for the use of Sub are now categorically Ind or allow both Sub and Ind to different degrees across social and geographic parameters. In the Spanish of Los Angeles, the internal tendencies toward a reduction of the obligatory use of the Sub are strengthened, as may be expected in a situation of language contact in which obligatory contexts for the use of a form are more resistant to change than those that allow a selection between two or more forms with closely related meanings.
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                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada
                Universidad de Concepción. Facultad de Humanidades y Arte (Concepción )
                : 51
                : 2
                : 29-47



                SciELO Chile

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0718-4883&lng=en
                LANGUAGE & LINGUISTICS

                General linguistics
                First language acquisition,linguistic input,natural production data,Adquisición de lengua materna,input lingüístico,datos de producción natural


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