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      Psychosocial and Spiritual Needs of Dying Patients from the Perspective of the Nurse and Length of Professional Practice (Original Research)

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      Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

      Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

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          Abstract

          Objective: The aim of our research was to find out correlation between length of practice in Nurses and Midwives and length of practice in satisfaction of spiritual needs of dying patients. Design: Project study. Participants: 433 respondents (43 were men and 390 women). In terms of jobs the majority was of Nurses and Midwives 385 (86.6%). The most numerous age group was between 35-44 years (40.9%), 25 to 34 years (24%), 45-54 years (23.6%), under 20 (4.6%) and above 55 30 participants (6.9%). Length of experience: The largest group 10-21 years of practice (32.8%), 22-31 years (25.9%), 5-9 (15.5%), under 5 (12.7%) and over 32 years practice (13.2%). Methods: Standardized questionnaires SNAP (Spiritual Needs Assessment for Patients) and SCCS (Spiritual Care Competence Scale) analyzed by descriptive characteristics for variables and subsequent testing of normality. Due to the sample size was used the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (KS-test). We evaluated the correlation by using SPSS 22 Parametric Pearson Correlation Coefficient with a significance level of p <0.01 and p <0.05. Results: We evaluated the intrinsic reliability of SNAP using the Cronbach Alpha coefficient for SNAP - Spiritual needs is >0.900 in the whole set, which we interpret as a high degree of elemental credibility, respectively internal consistency of the questionnaire. In the SNAP - Psychosocial needs > 0.750, which also interferes with the high level of reliability at the item level. As for interpolar correlations and also the correlation between individual items and the total SNAP subtracted score, we found that the Spearman correlation coefficient between items and SNAP scores are in the range of 0.608 - 0.787 which is a strong to very strong correlation. The correlation is significant at a level of Sig. p< 0.01. Length of practice - The correlation of the value (Spearman's correlation coefficient) ρ = 0.105 (Sig. p<0.05) is directly related to attitudes of Nurses and Midwives. There is a statistically significant relationship between the length of practice and SCCS subclass - professionalization and quality improvement of spiritual care (p = 0.121; Sig. p<0.05).Conclusion: The project study shows that important role in the approach to dying patients and their spiritual needs plays not only to good preparation in school, but also personal experience that Nurses and Midwives acquire during their professional practice.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
            CSWHI
            Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
            2222386X
            20769741
            December 28 2017
            December 28 2017
            : 8
            : 4
            : 7-16
            Article
            10.22359/cswhi_8_4_01
            © 2017

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Psychology, Social & Behavioral Sciences

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