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      Neuroimaging characteristics of children with different subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

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          Abstract

          Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurologic development disorder in childhood. There are significant differences in co-morbidities, behaviors, emotions, and cognitive function among patients with different subtypes of ADHD. Neuroimaging techniques (mainly MRI and EEG) provide objective and effective information for the diagnosis and intervention in children with ADHD. At present, from the perspective of the integrity and separation of brain work, combining EEG and MRI, qualitative and quantitative research has shown that there are differences in the brain structure and functional characteristics of children with different subtypes of ADHD, which is of significance to improve the diagnostic rate and treatment effect of ADHD.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 注意缺陷多动障碍(attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, ADHD)是儿童期一种常见的神经发育障碍, 不同亚型 患者在共病及其行为、情感和认知功能方面存在显著差异。以磁共振成像技术(MRI)、脑电图(EEG)为主的神经影像学技 术能为ADHD儿童诊断和干预提供客观有效的信息。从大脑工作的整体性与分离性出发, 结合EEG与MRI两类技术进 行定性、定量研究, 可发现不同亚型间ADHD儿童脑结构功能特点存在差异, 对提高ADHD诊断率, 改善治疗效果有一定 意义。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 May 2022
          01 May 2022
          : 43
          : 5
          : 796-800
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Psychology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Huhhot (010020), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHANG Gong, E-mail: 1835398626@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.037
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.05.037
          ebd0c03c-8862-4368-9823-928751b71aa1
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Brain,Child,Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity

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