0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Rhythmic Melatonin Biosynthesis in a Photoreceptive Pineal Organ: A Study in the Pike

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Activities of pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) and hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase, involved in the biosynthesis of melatonin from serotonin, were assessed over 24 h in the pineal organ of pikes ( Esox lucius, L.; teleosts) entrained to natural (winter) environmental conditions. Only NAT activity exhibited daily changes, rising at the onset of darkness and resuming low values shortly before the end of the scotophase. The rhythm was damped under constant darkness, lower and higher values being shifted towards intermediate ones. NAT activity was lowered under constant light; however, a significant increase was seen at the end of the subjective night, suggesting the existence of a low-amplitude rhythm. Illumination of the pikes at the middle of the scotophase induced inactivation of roughly half of the maximal NAT activity, possibly indicating the existence of one photolabile and one photostable enzymatic component. Under natural conditions, radioassayable melatonin of the pike pineal organ displayed daily variations which paralleled those of NAT activity. Melatonin production thus appears to reflect the daily changes of NAT, synchronized to the light/dark cycle.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1987
          1987
          02 April 2008
          : 45
          : 6
          : 479-486
          Affiliations
          Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire, UA CNRS 290, Université de Poitiers, France
          Article
          124778 Neuroendocrinology 1987;45:479–486
          10.1159/000124778
          3614551
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article