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      Myosin Isoform Expression in Smooth Muscle Cells during Physiological and Pathological Vascular Remodeling

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          Abstract

          There is substantial evidence indicating that the study of cytoskeletal and cytocontractile protein composition in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) can be valuable in tracing structural changes during vascular remodeling. Recent nucleic acid and protein investigations suggest that myosin can be used as a new specific marker for the identification of SMC phenotypes in some pathological conditions affecting the vascular wall. In view of this new information, it would seem timely to review the structural bases of myosin isoform expression in the vascular smooth muscle system as well as the factors involved in its regulation. A puzzling feature has arisen in recent studies on this topic: the presence of non-muscle myosin variants in SMCs during physiological and pathological vascular remodeling. In the response to injury caused by mechanical, chemical and hormonal factors in animals, characterized by proliferation and migration of vascular SMCs from the media to the intima, there is a partial or complete recapitulation of a myosin isoform pattern pertinent to developing vascular smooth muscle tissue. Analysis of myosin isoform content in the vascular wall also demonstrates that: (1) changes in SMC composition may occur independent of medial SMC migration into intima, and (2) the presence of fetal-type SMCs in the neointima is not necessarily related to specific positional changes of medial SMCs.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1994
          1994
          23 September 2008
          : 31
          : 2
          : 61-81
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Biomedical Sciences, and bInstitute of Clinical Medicine, University of Padova, and cNRC Unit for Muscle Biology and Physiopathology, Padova, Italy
          Article
          159033 J Vasc Res 1994;31:61–81
          10.1159/000159033
          8117862
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 21
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