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      The psychological resilience and perceived stress of the frontline heroes in the pandemic in Turkey: A descriptive study of the COVID‐19 outbreak‐mutations‐normalization triad

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          Abstract

          Aim

          To determine the psychological resilience and perceived stress levels of healthcare workers in COVID‐19 intensive care units.

          Methods

          The study was conducted with 418 physicians and nurses in Turkey between July and August 2020. The data were collected with an online survey consisting of a personal information form, the Brief Resilience Scale, and the Perceived Stress Scale.

          Results

          The study sample comprised 32.5% physicians and 67.5% nurses. Fear of transmission of COVID‐19 from the patients in their care was stated by 92.6% of the physicians and 95.7% of the nurses. Almost all of the participants (99.3%) were afraid of transmitting COVID‐19 to their families. The psychological resilience level of the physicians (18.42 ± 2.25) participating in the study was higher than that of the nurses (17.88 ± 2.00), and the perceived stress level was lower. It was determined that most physicians and nurses strengthened their team/work friendship bonds during the pandemic, but the motivation to work decreased.

          Conclusion

          The study results suggest that frontline intensive care workers should be closely monitored as a high‐risk group for psychological problems. The provision of better personal protective equipment, together with on‐going monitoring and provision of psychological support, and strong family support will increase the resilience of frontline healthcare workers.

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          Most cited references32

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          Characteristics of and Important Lessons From the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China: Summary of a Report of 72 314 Cases From the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention

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            A Global Measure of Perceived Stress

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              Is Open Access

              Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019

              Key Points Question What factors are associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers in China who are treating patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)? Findings In this cross-sectional study of 1257 health care workers in 34 hospitals equipped with fever clinics or wards for patients with COVID-19 in multiple regions of China, a considerable proportion of health care workers reported experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and distress, especially women, nurses, those in Wuhan, and front-line health care workers directly engaged in diagnosing, treating, or providing nursing care to patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. Meaning These findings suggest that, among Chinese health care workers exposed to COVID-19, women, nurses, those in Wuhan, and front-line health care workers have a high risk of developing unfavorable mental health outcomes and may need psychological support or interventions.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                marufboran@hotmail.com
                Journal
                Jpn J Nurs Sci
                Jpn J Nurs Sci
                10.1111/(ISSN)1742-7924
                JJNS
                Japan Journal of Nursing Science
                John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd (Melbourne )
                1742-7932
                1742-7924
                20 July 2021
                20 July 2021
                : e12442
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Faculty of Medical Amasya University Amasya Turkey
                [ 2 ] Faculty of Medicine Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Kahramanmaras Turkey
                [ 3 ] Faculty of Nursing Akdeniz University Antalya Turkey
                Author notes
                [*] [* ] Correspondence

                Maruf Boran, Faculty of Medical, Amasya University, Amasya, Turkey.

                Email: marufboran@ 123456hotmail.com

                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5840-9114
                Article
                JJNS12442
                10.1111/jjns.12442
                8420289
                34288424
                ec1d24a3-8e66-4131-b552-c46950134de1
                © 2021 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

                This article is being made freely available through PubMed Central as part of the COVID-19 public health emergency response. It can be used for unrestricted research re-use and analysis in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source, for the duration of the public health emergency.

                History
                : 19 April 2021
                : 01 June 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 3, Pages: 11, Words: 6959
                Categories
                Original Article
                Original Articles
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                corrected-proof
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:6.0.7 mode:remove_FC converted:06.09.2021

                covid‐19 outbreak,intensive care workers,perceived stress,psychological resilience

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