Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Protein Turnover in Compensated Chronic Aortic Regurgitation

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We recently demonstrated dynamic alterations in protein turnover 3 days and 1 month after surgical induction of aortic regurgitation (AR). To characterize protein synthesis and degradation during the long-term plateau phase, we performed [<sup>3</sup>H]-leucine infusion 2.5 years after induction of AR in 10 New Zealand White rabbits and 12 sham-operated controls. Protein fractional synthesis rates were obtained by analyses of plasma and protein hydrolysates, growth rates from protein concentration and heart weight measurements, and degradation rates by subtraction of growth from synthesis rates. AR (regurgitant fraction 25 ± 11%) caused a 57% increase in left ventricular (LV) weight in comparison with controls (7.4 ± 1.7 vs. 4.7 ± 0.6 g, p < 0.001) and no evidence of heart failure. Although concentrations of total cardiac protein, myosin heavy chain and actin were similar, the enlarged AR hearts had increased amounts of total cardiac protein (1,009 ± 312 vs. 682 ± 120mg/LV, p < 0.05), myosin heavy chain (148 ± 91 vs. 81 ± 29 mg/LV, p < 0.05), and actin (73 ± 42 vs. 44 ± 16 mg/LV, p < 0.06). Individual protein fractional synthesis and degradation rates were closely balanced. However, myosin fractional synthesis rates were 152% (p < 0.01) greater than those of total cardiac protein in AR animals, while only 52% (p < 0.05) greater in controls (AR vs. controls, p = 0.05). Variations in actin turnover between AR and control animals did not attain statistical significance. Myosin and actin fractional synthesis rates correlated closely in AR rabbits (R = 0.81 p < 0.02), but not among controls (R = 0.41, NS). Thus, selective alterations in myofibrillar protein turnover contribute to the maintenance of increased myofibrillar protein content in the ‘compensatory’ LV hypertrophy of chronic AR.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          21 November 2008
          : 88
          : 6
          : 518-525
          Affiliations
          Division of, Cardiovascular Pathophysiology, Cornell University Medical College, New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, New York, N.Y., USA
          Article
          177402 Cardiology 1997;88:518–525
          10.1159/000177402
          9397305
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          General Cardiology, Basic Science

          Comments

          Comment on this article