During adult-onset peripheral hypothyroidism, the brain maintains normal levels of thyroid hormone for some time through a mechanism of ‘central homeostasis’. Although onset, duration, and termination of such a homeostatic phenomenon have been recently evaluated in rat models, the mechanism behind remains unknown. During our investigation to understand the mechanism further, we injected the protein synthesis blockers actinomycin D and cycloheximide along with propylthiouracil to adult male rats during the days of onset (day 2) and termination (day 20) of the homeostatic mechanism. We evaluated synaptosomal T<sub>3</sub> level and neuronal Na<sup>+</sup>-K<sup>+</sup>-ATPase and acetylcholinesterase activities along with deiodinase II activity and cyclic adenosine monophosphate level in the cerebral cortex. The results indicated prevalence of unchanged or lower levels of synaptosomal T<sub>3</sub> on the 2nd and on the 20th day, respectively. Such a condition has been parallely supported by reflections in cerebrocortical deiodinase II activity and cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels. The activities of cerebrocortical synaptosomal Na<sup>+</sup>-K<sup>+</sup>-ATPase and acetylcholinesterase, which are the two important physiological parameters for neuronal function, have been found to be supportive of the involvement of a neuronal protein-mediated factor in the ‘on’ and ‘off’ reactions in central homeostasis during peripheral hypothyroidism. The results of our study indicate that the expression of ‘central thyroid hormone homeostasis’ is a genomic nuclear-mediated mechanism.