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      Prevalence and associated factors of campus bullying of primary and secondary school students in Haidian District of Beijing


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          Objective To understand the prevalence and associated factors of school bullying among primary and secondary school students in Haidian District, and to provide scientific basis for intervention plan.

          Methods From September to October 2021, 1 906 primary and secondary school students in Haidian District were selected by stratified cluster random sampling for electronic questionnaire survey, an electronic questionnaire survey was conducted on students by using the questionnaire of the Student Health Status and Influencing Factors Questionnaire.

          Results The prevalence of campus bullying among primary and secondary school students in Haidian District was 4.3%, of which primary school (7.6%) > junior middle school (4.1%) > vocational high school (2.5%) > senior high school (1.9%) (χ 2 = 23.49, P<0.01), boys (5.5%) were more than girls (3.0%) (χ 2 = 7.44, P<0.01), students from abnormal families (6.9%) were higher than students from normal families (3.9%) (χ 2 = 4.24, P = 0.04). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that students in primary school had a higher risk of being bullied in school ( OR = 2.13). Abnormal family ( OR = 1.07), smoking experience ( OR = 2.28), experience of being beaten and scolded by parents ( OR = 2.49) and fighting behavior ( OR = 1.84) were positively correlated with school bullying ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion Campus bullying is prevalent in primary and secondary schools in Haidian District, which warrents further attention of schools and education departments. Family-school partnership and targeted prevention and intervention measures for key populations are expected.


          【摘要】 目的 了解海淀区中小学生遭受校园欺凌情况及影响因素, 为制定干预方案提供科学依据。 方法 2021 年 9—10 月, 采用分层整群随机抽样的方法抽取海淀区 1 906 名中小学生, 使用学生健康状况及影响因素调査表进行电子问卷调 査。 结果 海淀区中小学生遭受过校园欺凌报告率为 4.3%, 其中小学 (7.6%) >初中 (4.1%) >职业髙中 (2.5%) >普通髙中 (1.9%) (χ 2=23.49, P<0.01), 男生 (5.5%) 髙于女生 (3.0%) (χ 2 = 7.44, P<0.01), 6.9% 的非正常家庭学生和 3.9% 的正常家 庭学生遭受过校园欺凌 (χ 2=4.24, P = 0.04)。多因素 Logistic 回归分析显示, 小学学段的学生 ( OR = 2.13)、非正常家庭 ( OR =1.07)、有吸烟经历 ( OR = 2.28)、有被父母打骂经历 ( OR = 2.49)、有打架行为 ( OR =1.84) 更容易遭受校园欺凌行为 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 海淀区中小学存在校园欺凌行为, 应引起学校和教育部门的重视, 家校结合, 针对重点人群开展有针 对性的预防和干预措施。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 July 2022
          01 July 2022
          : 43
          : 7
          : 1051-1054
          [1] 1School Health Department of Haidian District Center for Disease Prevention and Control of Beijing, Beijing (100094), China
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Violence,Mental health,Regression analysis


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