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      Victim of a dictatorial regime: identification of Mr. Roberto Gomensoro Josman.

      1 , ,
      Forensic science international
      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Forensic cases are ideal to test osteological techniques developed by physical anthropologists. Forensic anthropology is a scientific discipline that applies population-based standards to individual skeletal remains. Many complex techniques are used in an attempt to make a positive identification. Several of these techniques, specifically digital video superimposition and DNA, were used to identify the victim in this case. The purpose of this paper is to describe anthropological techniques used to identify the remains of an unknown person who was later identified as Mr. Roberto Gomensoro Josman, the victim of a Uruguayan dictatorial regime. Mr. Gomensoro Josman disappeared after authorities of the Uruguayan dictatorial government (1973-1984) arrested him. Six days later an unknown body was found floating in Lake Rincon del Bonete. The corpse was found tied with wire and weighted with three large stones used to keep the body submerged. An autopsy was performed and the body was buried as an unknown person in the grave identified as number 10936 of Tacuarembo Cemetery. On December 2002 the Peace and Justice Service asked the local judge to authorize the exhumation of the remains. The exhumed body was headless. An investigation revealed that the local medical examiner who had autopsied the remains on March 1973 had retained the victim's skull in his office. Osteological analysis indicated the victim was a white male in his 20s. Four good quality photographs of Mr. Gomensoro who was known to be missing were compared with the skull. To confirm the identification from the video a DNA analysis was carried out comparing the victim with relatives. DNA typing confirmed the results of the earlier identification.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Forensic Sci Int
          Forensic science international
          Elsevier BV
          0379-0738
          0379-0738
          Jul 16 2005
          : 151
          : 2-3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Adli Tip Enstitüsü (Institute of Forensic Sciences), PK 10, Istanbul Universitesi, 34303 Cerrahpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey. iscan@instanbul.edu.tr
          Article
          S0379-0738(05)00100-3
          10.1016/j.forsciint.2004.12.035
          15939155
          ec4b59f6-bc13-4c46-be2b-a693bdb5464e
          History

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