Diabetic Nephropathy remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients suffering from renal dysfunction. This study accessed the nephroprotective role of Adropinin against streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic nephropathy in rats and scrutinizes the possible mechanism of action.
STZ (45 mg/kg) dose was used for inducing diabetic nephropathy (DN) and rats were divided into different groups and received the dose-dependent treatment of Adropinin. Blood glucose level, body weight, tissue weight, antioxidant, renal, hepatic parameters, and cytokines were determined. At the end of the experimental study, renal histopathology was performed.
Adropinin significantly (P<0.001) boosted plasma insulin levels and reduced the blood glucose level. Adropinin considerably increased body weight and reduced kidney weight and kidney hypertrophy. Adropinin significantly (P<0.001) reduced urine outflow, microalbumin, total protein, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), uric acid and increased the creatinine, creatinine clearance. Adropinin significantly (P<0.001) reduced the indole sulfate level in the serum, kidney and reduced in the urine. Adropinin significantly (P<0.001) reduced the total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and increased the level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Adropinin significantly (P<0.001) increased the level of antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and reduced the level of malonaldehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxy-2ʹ -deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). Adropinin significantly (P<0.001) reduced the level of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and increased the level of interleukin-10 (IL-10), respectively. Adropinin treatment showed improvement in renal histopathology.