The effect of a long-acting analogue of Met-enkephalin (Damme) and naloxone on anterior pituitary hormone secretion has been investigated in 14 acromegalic patients. Damme produced a progressive fall in circulating LH and cortisol and stimulated prolactin release in normoprolactinaemic patients. Naloxone infusion significantly stimulated gonadotrophin and cortisol secretion without modifying basal prolactin release both in normo- and hyperprolactinaemic patients. GH levels remained unchanged during naloxone and Damme infusion. The data suggest that endogenous opiate receptors do not play a major role in modulating GH hypersecretion in acromegaly.