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La seguridad en el transporte de los niños: ¿Qué responsabilidad tenemos los pediatras? Translated title: Safe transportation of children: what is our responsability as pediatricians?

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      Abstract

      En 2009 murieron en la Argentina 564 niños de 0 a 14 años en accidentes de tránsito, cuya tasa de mortalidad es de 56/100 000 habitantes, el 858% con respecto a Suecia, el país con menor tasa. El 50% viajaban en automóviles; el 30%, en vehículos pesados; el 16,3% murieron en vuelcos, y el 4,5%, en vehículos de dos ruedas. Las lesiones graves y la muerte son más frecuentes en los bebés menores de 1 año. Las sillas de seguridad adecuadas evitan la muerte del 71% de los niños menores de 1 año y del 54% de los de 1 a 6 años. Motivar un mayor uso requiere un trabajo interdisciplinario entre el obstetra y el pediatra para asesorar a la familia. El Estado y las instituciones deben acompañar esta campaña para disminuir los accidentes mortales y sus secuelas.

      Translated abstract

      During 2009, 564 children died in Argentina from 0 to 14 in traffic accidents. The mortality rate for road accidents is 56/100 000 inhabitants and is 858% when compared to Sweden, the country with the lowest rate. Fifty percent were children transported in cars, 30% in heavy duty vehicles, 16.3% died when the vehicle overturned and 4.5% died in two wheeled vehicles. Serious injuries and death are more frequent in babies less than a year old. Seventy one per cent of children under 1 year old and 54% of those between 1 and 6 years old would avoid death in an accident if transported in adequate safety seats. This requires a joint effort between obstetricians and pediatricians to inform the family about the right type of safety seat. The State and other institutions should accompany this campaign to reduce the number of fatal accidents and their consequences.

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      Most cited references 21

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      Child passenger safety.

       Adam Durbin,   (2011)
      Despite significant reductions in the number of children killed in motor vehicle crashes over the past decade, crashes continue to be the leading cause of death for children 4 years and older. Therefore, the American Academy of Pediatrics continues to recommend inclusion of child passenger safety anticipatory guidance at every health-supervision visit. This technical report provides a summary of the evidence in support of 5 recommendations for best practices to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth through adolescence that all pediatricians should know and promote in their routine practice. These recommendations are presented in the revised policy statement on child passenger safety in the form of an algorithm that is intended to facilitate their implementation by pediatricians with their patients and families. The algorithm is designed to cover the majority of situations that pediatricians will encounter in practice. In addition, a summary of evidence on a number of additional issues that affect the safety of children in motor vehicles, including the proper use and installation of child restraints, exposure to air bags, travel in pickup trucks, children left in or around vehicles, and the importance of restraint laws, is provided. Finally, this technical report provides pediatricians with a number of resources for additional information to use when providing anticipatory guidance to families.
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        Office-based counseling for unintentional injury prevention.

         ,  H Gardner (2006)
        Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death for children older than 1 year. Pediatricians should include unintentional injury prevention as a major component of anticipatory guidance for infants, children, and adolescents. The content of injury-prevention counseling varies for infants, preschool-aged children, school-aged children, and adolescents. This report provides guidance on the content of unintentional injury-prevention counseling for each of those age groups.
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          Office-Based Counseling for Unintentional Injury Prevention

           HG Gardner (2007)
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            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Journal
            aap
            Archivos argentinos de pediatría
            Arch. argent. pediatr.
            Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría (Buenos Aires )
            1668-3501
            December 2012
            : 110
            : 6
            : 523-529
            S0325-00752012000600017

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Argentina
            Categories
            PEDIATRICS

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