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      Atividade residual de herbicidas usados na soja sobre o girassol cultivado em sucessão Translated title: Bioactivity of herbicides used to soybean on sunflower crop in succession

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          Abstract

          O girassol é uma oleaginosa de destaque entre as culturas utilizadas em sucessão à soja na região dos cerrados. No entanto, poucas informações referentes aos efeitos da atividade residual de herbicidas aplicados na soja sobre o desenvolvimento e rendimento do girassol são conhecidas. Visando avaliar a atividade residual de herbicidas, aplicados em pré e pós-emergência na cultura da soja sobre o girassol cultivado em sucessão, foram conduzidos ensaios em campo e em casa de vegetação. No ensaio de campo, foram empregados nove tratamentos (doses em kg de i.a. ha-1): imazaquin (0,161), diclosulam (0,035), sulfentrazone (0,600) e flumioxazin (0,050), em aplicações de pré-emergência, e chlorimuron-ethyl (0,015), imazethapyr (0,060), imazethapyr (0,100) e fomesafen (0,250), aplicados em pós-emergência da soja, mais uma testemunha (sem herbicida). Um bioensaio foi conduzido em casa de vegetação com as amostras de solo dos tratamentos coletadas em seis épocas distintas (0, 35, 70, 105, 140 e 200 dias após a aplicação). Os resultados permitem concluir que o imazethapyr (0,100kg ha-1) e o diclosulam (0,035kg ha-1) causam redução no rendimento do girassol. A sensibilidade ao diclosulam perdura durante todo o cultivo do girassol.

          Translated abstract

          The sunflower is a oilseed crop kind of prominence before the cultures used in succession in the Brazil. However, little information concerning the effects of residual activity of herbicides on the crop in this region are known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the residual activity of herbicides in weed management in pre and post-emergence soybean and evaluate its effects on sunflower crop in succession. In field experiments we adopted the randomized block design with four replications, being appointed nine treatments (kg of i.a. ha-1): imazaquin (0.161), diclosulan (0.035), sulfentrazone (0.600) and flumioxazin (0.050) in pre emergence applications, and chlorimuron-ethyl (0.015), imazethapyr (0.060), imazethapyr (0.100) and fomesafen (0.250) applied post emergence soybean and a control without herbicide. One bioassay was differentiated by the treatments contained in each treatment and soil samples collected at six different times (0, 35, 70, 105, 140 and 200 days after application); evaluated the dry matter accumulation of sunflower plants as a function of time of sample collection. The results showed that: imazethapyr (0.1kg ha-1) and diclosulan (0.035kg ha-1) caused a reduction in sunflower yield. Sensitivity to diclosulan continued throughout the interval evaluation of the range of bioassay.

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          Most cited references 22

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          Herbicidal inhibitors of amino acid biosynthesis and herbicide-tolerant crops.

          Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) inhibitors interfere with branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis by inhibiting AHAS. Glyphosate affects aromatic amino acid biosynthesis by inhibiting 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS). Glufosinate inhibits glutamine synthetase and blocks biosynthesis of glutamine. AHAS gene variants that confer tolerance to AHAS inhibitors have been discovered in plants through selection or mutagenesis. Imidazolinone-tolerant crops have been commercialized based on these AHAS gene variants. A modified maize EPSPS gene and CP4-EPSPS gene from Agrobacterium sp. have been used to transform plants for target-based tolerance to glyphosate. A gox gene isolated from Ochrobactrum anthropi has also been employed to encode glyphosate oxidoreductase to detoxify glyphosate in plants. Glyphosate-tolerant crops with EPSPS transgene alone or both EPSPS and gox transgenes have been commercialized. Similarly, bar and pat genes isolated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus and S. viridochromogenes, respectively, have been inserted into plants to encode phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase to detoxify glufosinate. Glufosinate-tolerant crops have been commercialized using one of these two transgenes.
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            Recomendações técnicas para a cultura da soja na região central do Brasil

            (1998)
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              Development of a laboratory bioassay and effect of soil properties on sulfentrazone phytotoxicity in soil

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                cr
                Ciência Rural
                Cienc. Rural
                Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Santa Maria )
                1678-4596
                November 2012
                : 42
                : 11
                : 1929-1935
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Instituto Federal de Rondônia Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Estadual de Maringá Brazil
                [3 ] Universidade de Rio Verde Brazil
                [4 ] Embrapa Brazil
                Article
                S0103-84782012001100004

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil
                Categories
                AGRONOMY

                Horticulture

                persistência, Helianthus annuus, Glycine max, bioactivity, carryover

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