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      Capacidad de carga turística sustentable del Parque Nacional El Veladero, Acapulco, México Translated title: Sustainable tourism carrying capacity. The case of El Veladero National Park, Acapulco, Mexico

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          Abstract

          RESUMEN Las Áreas Naturales Protegidas (ANP) son demandadas por visitantes que buscan vivir experiencias con calidad ambiental y contacto con las comunidades anfitrionas. Es por ello que, su aprovechamiento turístico debe ser de bajo impacto y que proyecte un desarrollo armónico de los recursos naturales. El objetivo del trabajo fue determinar la capacidad de carga turística del sendero en el Parque Nacional El Veladero, que permita reducir el impacto de las actividades recreativas y prevenir el deterioro ambiental. La metodología se desarrolló a partir de una revisión documental y el análisis de las condiciones sociales y ambientales del parque, que permitieron calcular la capacidad de carga turística (CCT). La capacidad de carga física (CCF) se estimó en 1 988 visitantes, la real (CCR) en 34 visitas y la efectiva (CCE) en 11 visitas por día, la cual deberá ser respetada para no demeritar la calidad del medio ambiente. La implementación de acciones que posibiliten desarrollar un aprovechamiento turístico sustentable, acorde a las condiciones naturales del sitio, así como a las culturales y sociales de la comunidad anfitriona, permitirán preservar a largo plazo la ANP estudiada. La determinación de la CCT es de utilidad para el aprovechamiento turístico, sin afectar el medio ambiente ni la generación de recursos económicos de los habitantes de la zona analizada.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT Natural Protected Areas (NPAs) are demanded by visitors who seek to live experiences with environmental quality and contact with host communities. For this reason, its tourist use must be of low impact and project a harmonious development of natural resources. The objective of this work was to determine the tourism carrying capacity of a trail in el Veladero National Park, which enables a reduction of the impact of recreational activities and stop environmental deterioration. The methodology was based on documentary research, and the analysis of the social and environmental conditions of the park, which enabled the calculation of the tourism carrying capacity (TCC). Results showed that the physical carrying capacity (PCC) was 1 988 visitors, the real (CCR) was 34 visits, and the effective (ECC) 11 visits per day, which must be respected so as to not negatively impact the environmental quality. Conclusions indicate that it is advisable to implement actions that enable the development of sustainable tourism, which is in line with the natural conditions of the site. In a similar vein, respecting the social and cultural traditions of the host community, will enable the longterm preservation of the studied NPA. The calculation of the TCC has been proved useful for tourist use, without negatively impacting the environment or the generation of economic benefits for the host community in the studied area.

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          Most cited references66

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          Establishing the social tourism carrying capacity for the tourist resorts of the east coast of the Republic of Cyprus

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            Multiple Carrying Capacities from a management-oriented perspective to operationalize sustainable tourism in protected areas.

            This article describes how the concept of Tourism Carrying Capacity (TCC) has shifted from a uni-dimensional approach to incorporating environmental, social and political aspects. This shift is demonstrated by a study of a large, internationally popular protected area used by trekkers, the Mt. Everest Region, where qualitative data collected from visitors was combined with environmental modeling using a participatory framework. Tourist satisfaction showed positive margins for further tourist industry expansion, but current environmental conditions limit growth and further development. Space and time dimensions were also considered. We observed that the limits on growth and further development can be manipulated, with a certain degree of flexibility, through investments and regulatory measures. We hypothesized that TCC can play an important role in the management of protected areas only if it is viewed as a systematic, strategic policy tool within a planning process rather than as a unique, intrinsic number that is not modifiable. We conclude that to translate the strategy into action using standard measures, further investigation is needed to balance the various TCC components as a part of a decision-making framework that includes the integration of different cultural approaches and policy needs.
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              Carrying capacity in the tourism industry: a case study of Hengistbury Head

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                cuat
                CienciaUAT
                CienciaUAT
                Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas (Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico )
                2007-7521
                2007-7858
                December 2023
                : 18
                : 1
                : 125-140
                Affiliations
                [1] Acapulco de Juárez orgnameUniversidad Autónoma de Guerrero orgdiv1Facultad de Turismo Mexico
                Article
                S2007-78582023000200125 S2007-7858(23)01800100125
                10.29059/cienciauat.v18i1.1750
                ec9b7179-987f-412d-9656-6d36ac3b0369

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 20 July 2023
                : 22 August 2022
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 68, Pages: 16
                Product

                SciELO Mexico

                Categories
                Ciencias Sociales

                sustainable tourism use,capacidad de carga,áreas naturales protegidas,aprovechamiento turístico sustentable,tourism carrying capacity,natural protected areas

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