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      Returning to our roots: The use of geospatial data for nurse-led community research

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          Abstract

          In the early 20 th century, public health nurse, Lillian Wald, addressed the social determinants of health (SDOH) through her work in New York City and her advocacy to improve policy in workplace conditions, education, recreation, and housing. In the early 21 st century, addressing the SDOH is a renewed priority and provides nurse researchers with an opportunity to return to our roots. The purpose of this methods paper is to examine how the incorporation of geospatial data and spatial methodologies in community research can enhance the analyses of the complex relationships between social determinants and health. Geospatial technologies, software for mapping and working with geospatial data, statistical methods, and unique considerations are discussed. An exemplar for using geospatial data is presented regarding associations between neighborhood greenspace, neighborhood violence, and children’s asthma control. This innovative use of geospatial data illustrates a new frontier in investigating non-traditional connections between the environment and SDOH outcomes.

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          Author and article information

          Contributors
          Journal
          7806136
          6951
          Res Nurs Health
          Res Nurs Health
          Research in nursing & health
          0160-6891
          1098-240X
          10 October 2019
          10 October 2019
          December 2019
          01 December 2020
          : 42
          : 6
          : 467-475
          Affiliations
          Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing
          Department of Epidemiology, Spatial Science for Public Health Center, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
          Department of Epidemiology, Spatial Science for Public Health Center, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
          Author notes
          Corresponding Author: Kelli N. DePriest, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, 525 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, KDePriest@ 123456jhu.edu
          Article
          PMC6858500 PMC6858500 6858500 nihpa1053432
          10.1002/nur.21984
          6858500
          31599459
          ece27d18-68f8-4556-8ad6-f750814b6a89
          Categories
          Article

          design development,geographic information system,public health,social and economic aspects of illness,environment,community

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