The fundamentals and perspectives in developing zinc-ion electrolyte have been comprehensively revealed, include the basic characteristics, electrolyte/electrode interfaces, practical consideration and future perspectives.
The development of low-cost and high-safety zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) has been extensively discussed and reviewed in recent years, but the work on the comprehensive discussion and perspectives in developing zinc-ion electrolytes is still relatively lacking. Faced with critical challenges and bottlenecks practically, the viability of ZIBs critically depends on the development of suitable electrolytes and their practical considerations. In this review, a systematic summary with regard to the basic characteristics of zinc-ion electrolytes facing different issues from optimization strategies to the fundamental science of electrolyte/electrode interfaces (EEIs), particularly in the feasible modifications and advanced characterizations of EEIs, has been put forward. Due to the lack of consideration of the practical issues in major academic studies, we have particularly highlighted aspects that mainly focus on the choice of the electrolyte system, dosage of liquid and fluid electrolytes, status of gel and all-solid electrolytes, together with other concerns related to the electrolytes. The final section proposes significant perspectives to guide and promote the development of zinc-ion electrolytes.