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      Bilateral foot drop after COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome: A case report

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          Abstract

          In these days of the pandemic, we have faced with the locomotor system problems following severe acute respiratory syndrome-coro- navirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. While some of these problems are related to the disease itself, some of them are associated with the prolonged immobilization during the infection. Long-term intensive care unit admissions of patients may also lead to various types of neuropathies, extending the recovery period. The real burden of the novel coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) is still unclear. In particular, after a prolonged hospitalization period, the duration of rehabilitation may be longer to gain independence in daily living activities. In this report, we present a different aspect of the COVID-19 with bilateral foot drop in a 53-year-old female patient. To the best of our knowledge, this case is the first report of both peroneal and sciatic nerve damage following COVID-19.

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          Most cited references16

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          Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China

          In December 2019, novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)-infected pneumonia (NCIP) occurred in Wuhan, China. The number of cases has increased rapidly but information on the clinical characteristics of affected patients is limited.
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            Neurologic Manifestations of Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China

            The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, is serious and has the potential to become an epidemic worldwide. Several studies have described typical clinical manifestations including fever, cough, diarrhea, and fatigue. However, to our knowledge, it has not been reported that patients with COVID-19 had any neurologic manifestations.
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              COVID ‐19: a global threat to the nervous system

              In less than 6 months, the severe acute respiratory syndrome‐coronavirus type 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) has spread worldwide infecting nearly 6 million people and killing over 350,000. Initially thought to be restricted to the respiratory system, we now understand that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) also involves multiple other organs including the central and peripheral nervous system. The number of recognized neurologic manifestations of SARS‐CoV‐2 infection is rapidly accumulating. These may result from a variety of mechanisms including virus‐induced hyper‐inflammatory and hypercoagulable states, direct virus infection of the CNS, and post‐infectious immune mediated processes. Example of COVID‐19 CNS disease include encephalopathy, encephalitis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, meningitis, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, venous sinus thrombosis and endothelialitis. In the peripheral nervous system COVID‐19 is associated with dysfunction of smell and taste, muscle injury, the Guillain‐Barre syndrome and its variants. Due to its worldwide distribution and multifactorial pathogenic mechanisms, COVID‐19 poses a global threat to the entire nervous system. While our understanding of SARS‐CoV‐2 neuropathogenesis is still incomplete and our knowledge is evolving rapidly, we hope that this review will provide a useful framework and help neurologists in understanding the many neurologic facets of COVID‐19.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Turk J Phys Med Rehabil
                Turk J Phys Med Rehabil
                Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
                Bayçınar Medical Publishing
                2587-0823
                2587-1250
                September 2021
                01 September 2021
                : 67
                : 3
                : 378-381
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
                Author notes
                Rana Terlemez, MD. İstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Anabilim Dalı, 34098 Fatih, İstanbul, Türkiye. ranakaynar@ 123456hotmail.com .
                Article
                10.5606/tftrd.2021.8194
                8606987
                34870128
                ed56fa2b-9f67-46b1-9a15-8fd711697f67
                Copyright © 2021, Turkish Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

                This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

                History
                : 14 January 2021
                : 02 April 2021
                Categories
                Case Report

                covid-19,foot drop,sciatic nerve,ultrasound
                covid-19, foot drop, sciatic nerve, ultrasound

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