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      Investigation of continuous-time quantum walk by using Krylov subspace-Lanczos algorithm

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          Abstract

          In papers\cite{js,jsa}, the amplitudes of continuous-time quantum walk on graphs possessing quantum decomposition (QD graphs) have been calculated by a new method based on spectral distribution associated to their adjacency matrix. Here in this paper, it is shown that the continuous-time quantum walk on any arbitrary graph can be investigated by spectral distribution method, simply by using Krylov subspace-Lanczos algorithm to generate orthonormal bases of Hilbert space of quantum walk isomorphic to orthogonal polynomials. Also new type of graphs possessing generalized quantum decomposition have been introduced, where this is achieved simply by relaxing some of the constrains imposed on QD graphs and it is shown that both in QD and GQD graphs, the unit vectors of strata are identical with the orthonormal basis produced by Lanczos algorithm. Moreover, it is shown that probability amplitude of observing walk at a given vertex is proportional to its coefficient in the corresponding unit vector of its stratum, and it can be written in terms of the amplitude of its stratum. Finally the capability of Lanczos-based algorithm for evaluation of walk on arbitrary graphs (GQD or non-QD types), has been tested by calculating the probability amplitudes of quantum walk on some interesting finite (infinite) graph of GQD type and finite (infinite) path graph of non-GQD type, where the asymptotic behavior of the probability amplitudes at infinite limit of number of vertices, are in agreement with those of central limit theorem of Ref.\cite{nko}.

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          Most cited references 3

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          One-dimensional quantum walks

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            Theory and application of the quantum phase-space distribution functions

             Hai-Woong Lee (1995)
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              Discrete Quantum Walks Hit Exponentially Faster

               Julia Kempe (2003)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                2006-06-29
                Article
                10.1140/epjb/e2007-00281-5
                quant-ph/0606241
                Custom metadata
                29 pages, 4 figures
                quant-ph

                Quantum physics & Field theory

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