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      Psychosexual health among students during pubertal transition and associated family factors

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          Abstract

          Objective To investigate psychosexual health of students during pubertal transition in Taizhou and explore the influence of family factors.

          Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 215 students in senior grades of primary school, junior and senior high schools in Taizhou by stratified cluster sampling.

          Results The average score of adolescents sexual and mental health questionnaire was (3.82±0.52), the sexual knowledge score was (3.31±1.00) and the score of sexual adaptation was (4.29±0.68). Sexual attitude and sexual control among female students were significantly better than male students ( t = 4.53, 6.96, P<0.01). The four dimensions of physiological knowledge, sexual knowledge, sexual concept and self-adaptation made significant progress with the improvement increased with educational background ( F = 157.18, 85.18, 85.96, 65.54, P<0.01). The parent- child relationship, parental sex education, the only child in the family, education background of parents, family economic status and the long-term separation from parents in early childhood had predictive effects on the development of puberty students’ psycho- sexual health ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion Students during pubertal transition in Taizhou show moderate level of psychosexual health. Schools should strengthen sexual knowledge education. In order to promote students’ psychosexual health, more attention should be paid to the influence of family factors.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解泰州市青春期学生性心理健康现状及家庭影响因素, 为学校、家庭性心理健康教育提出针对性 意见。 方法 采用分层整群抽样法抽取泰州市小学高年级、初中和高中 1 215 名青春期学生进行问卷调查, 对数据进行统 计分析。 结果 青春期学生性心理总分中等 (3.82±0.52), 其中性知识得分低 (3.31±1.00), 性适应良好 (4.29±0.68);女生 性态度、性控制力方面优于男生 ( t 值分别为 4.53, 6.96, P 值均<0.01); 生理知识、性知识、性观念及自身适应 4 个维度随着 学历的提高均有明显进步 ( F 值分别为 157.18, 85.18, 85.96, 65.54, P 值均<0.01); 家庭中亲子关系、父母是否对子女进行性 教育、是否为独生子女、父母的学历、儿童早期与父母长期分离经历和家庭经济状况等对青春期学生性心理发展有预测作 用 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 泰州市青春期学生性心理健康现状良好, 应着重加强其性知识教育;要促进青春期学生性心理 健康, 家庭因素的影响应受到更多重视。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 July 2020
          01 July 2020
          : 41
          : 7
          : 1047-1051
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Education Science, Taizhou University, Taizhou (225300), Jiangsu Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: ZHU Chuanlin, E-mail: psyclzhu@ 123456yzu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.07.025
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.07.025
          ed7d316d-8229-4199-8bae-485976a615a2
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Regression analysis,Family,Mental health,Sex,Puberty

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