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      The prognostic significance of geriatric syndromes and resources

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          Most cited references 39

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          Assessment of Older People: Self-Maintaining and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living

           M P Lawton,  E M Brody (1969)
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            Cumulative illness rating scale.

             W Linn,  B Linn,  Jasmine Linn (1968)
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              A short portable mental status questionnaire for the assessment of organic brain deficit in elderly patients.

               Eric Pfeiffer (1975)
              Clinicians whose practice includes elderly patients need a short, reliable instrument to detect the presence of intellectual impairment and to determine the degree. A 10-item Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ), easily administered by any clinician in the office or in a hospital, has been designed, tested, standardized and validated. The standardization and validation procedure included administering the test to 997 elderly persons residing in the community, to 141 elderly persons referred for psychiatric and other health and social problems to a multipurpose clinic, and to 102 elderly persons living in institutions such as nursing homes, homes for the aged, or state mental hospitals. It was found that educational level and race had to be taken into account in scoring individual performance. On the basis of the large community population, standards of performance were established for: 1) intact mental functioning, 2) borderline or mild organic impairment, 3) definite but moderate organic impairment, and 4) severe organic impairment. In the 141 clinic patients, the SPMSQ scores were correlated with the clinical diagnoses. There was a high level of agreement between the clinical diagnosis of organic brain syndrome and the SPMSQ scores that indicated moderate or severe organic impairment.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
                Aging Clin Exp Res
                Springer Science and Business Media LLC
                1720-8319
                January 2020
                March 25 2019
                January 2020
                : 32
                : 1
                : 115-124
                Article
                10.1007/s40520-019-01168-9
                © 2020

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