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      Religion as culture: religious individualism and collectivism among american catholics, jews, and protestants.

      1 ,

      Journal of personality

      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Abstract

          We propose the theory that religious cultures vary in individualistic and collectivistic aspects of religiousness and spirituality. Study 1 showed that religion for Jews is about community and biological descent but about personal beliefs for Protestants. Intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity were intercorrelated and endorsed differently by Jews, Catholics, and Protestants in a pattern that supports the theory that intrinsic religiosity relates to personal religion, whereas extrinsic religiosity stresses community and ritual (Studies 2 and 3). Important life experiences were likely to be social for Jews but focused on God for Protestants, with Catholics in between (Study 4). We conclude with three perspectives in understanding the complex relationships between religion and culture.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Pers
          Journal of personality
          Wiley-Blackwell
          0022-3506
          0022-3506
          Aug 2007
          : 75
          : 4
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Temple, AZ 85287-1104, USA. adamcohen@asu.edu
          Article
          JOPY454
          10.1111/j.1467-6494.2007.00454.x
          17576356

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