Objective To analyze the living situation of leprosy convalescents in three leprosy hospitals village in Taizhou, and we provide evidence for strengthening the care for leprosy.
Methods The following-up report card of leprosy cured survivors and the personal information checklist of cured survivors in the village of Leprosy Hospital in Jiangsu Province were used, all the leprosy convalescents in the villages of the 3 leprosy hospitals in the Taizhou districts with a history of registration were surveyed one by one, the questionnaires were filled out, the data were analyzed, and all the patients were photographed for evidence of deformity and disability.
Results There were 270 cases of leprosy convalescent in three leprosy hospitals villages in Taizhou, of which 203 were males and 67 were females, with a sex ratio of 3.03∶1; the youngest was 54 years old, and the oldest 97 years old, with an average age of (73.86 ± 6.82); 55.56% and 40.37% of them were completely or partially incapacitated; 259 cases (95.93%) had different degree of deformity, and the most were both claw-shaped hands, followed by lower leg amputation, an average of 2.58 visible deformities were found in each convalescent leper. Among the 270 rest-and- recuperation convalescent , 156(57.78%) had disability certificates, 109(40.37%) had low-income insurance, 50(18.52%) had five guarantees insurance; and 78.82% needed protective shoes, 69.26% needed wheelchair, followed by the fitting of artificial limbs (36.06%) and crutches (18.22%).
Conclusion Leprosy, as a vulnerable group, should receive great attention from all walks of life from the aspects of relief, rehabilitation and elimination of discrimination.
摘要： 目的 通过对泰州市 3 所麻风病院村内麻风病休养员生存现状分析, 为进一步加强对麻风这一弱势群体的 关爱提供依据。 方法 使用“麻风病治愈存活者随访报告卡”和“江苏省麻风院村内治愈存活者个人信息复核表”, 对 历史登记在册的泰州市辖区内 3 所麻风病院村内所有麻风休养员进行逐一调查, 填写调查问卷, 并对数据进行分析, 对 所有患者畸残情况和残疾证等拍照取证。 结果 2017 年, 泰州市辖区内 3 所麻风病院村内共有麻风病休养员 270 例, 其中男性 203 例, 女性 67 例, 性别比 3.03∶1; 最小的 54 岁, 最大的 97 岁, 平均 (73.86±6.82) 岁; 完全或部分丧失劳动能力 的分别占 55.56%、40.37%; 有 259 例(95.93%)存在不同程度的畸残, 其中双手都是爪形手的最多, 其次是小腿截肢, 平均 每位麻风休养员有 2.58 个部位存在可见性畸残。270 名休养员中拥有残疾证的 156 人(57.78%), 享受低保或五保的共 159 人, 其中低保 109 人(40.37%), 五保 50 人(18.52%); 康复需求量最大的是防护鞋(78.82%), 其次是轮椅(69.26%), 安装 假肢(36.06%), 拐杖(18.22%)。 结论 麻风这一弱势群体, 应从生活救助、畸残康复、消除歧视等方面得到社会各界的积 极关注。