Children and adolescents are going through a critical stage with unique opportunities for healthy growth and development, which are supported and ensured by school health promotion. A large proportion of children and adolescents are currently affected by multiple physical and mental health problems in China, including myopia, obesity and depression. The national government has designed policies at the top tier for health promotion, e.g. Health Action Plan for Children and Adolescents and the Mental Health Action Plan for Children and Adolescents. Both researchers and practitioners in school health should make use of these opportunities for health development promotion among children and adolescents in China in the following strategies: four-level of disease prevention, life course approach, the combination of universal and targeted population intervention, as well as health in all policies approach to integrate disease prevention and and health promotion. This editorial proposes a comprehensive policy-and strategy-driven model for children’s myopia prevention and control based on update advances in myopia management theory and clinical practice.
【摘要】 儿童青少年处于生长发育的关键阶段, 学校健康促进是保证其健康成长和全面发展的需要。目前中国儿童青少 年身心健康状况不容乐观, 近视、肥胖和抑郁障碍等重点疾病呈高流行状态。国家已从顶层进行了政策设计——中小学健 康促进行动和儿童青少年心理健康行动, 学校卫生研究者和基层工作者要借力政策发展, 坚持重点疾病的四级预防、生命 全程和全人群及重点人群干预等策略导向, 并将疾病防控和健康促进融人所有政策, 全面提高中国儿童青少年的身心健 康。同时, 结合近视防控理论研究与实践, 提出政策与策略驱动的儿童青少年近视防控综合模型。