+1 Recommend
0 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Immunohistochemical study of porcine lung lesions associated with Pasteurella multocida


      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          Infectious bronchopneumonia is a widespread disease in modern commercial pig production and Pasteurella multocida is frequently associated with the lesions. To evaluate porcine lung lesions associated with P. multocida, populations of inflammatory cells were examined by immunohistochemistry in necrotic lung lesions from nine pigs and exudative lung lesions from eleven pigs. Lungs from five pigs served as controls. All cases were selected from naturally infected pigs using co-infection based criteria to make them as comparable as possible. The inflammatory cells demonstrated by immunohistochemistry were T-lymphocytes (CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + subsets), B-lymphocytes, neutrophils, macrophages, and IgA +, IgM + and IgG + cells.

          The results showed that (1) a significant increase in all inflammatory cells was found in lesions associated with P. multocida, (2) necrotic lesions had a larger number of CD3 + T-lymphocytes and IgA + cells, and (3) cases with exudative lesions had a more CD8 + T-lymphocytes, B-lymphocytes, macrophages and neutrophils. No differences in the numbers of CD4 + T-lymphocytes, IgG + and IgM + positive cells were found between necrotic and exudative cases. The results show that P. multocida significantly alters the inflammatory response in the lung and that lesions associated with P. multocida display diverse inflammatory responses according to their distinct morphological pattern.

          Related collections

          Most cited references37

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          An Investigation of the Pathology and Pathogens Associated with Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex in Denmark

          Summary Respiratory infections are among the most important diseases of growing pigs. In order to elucidate the multifactorial aetiology of porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC) in Denmark, lungs from 148 finishing pigs with cranioventral bronchopneumonia (case group) and 60 pigs without lung lesions (control group) were collected from abattoirs. The pathogens involved in PRDC and their interactions were identified and linked to the histopathological diagnosis. The lung samples were cultured for bacteria and tested by multiplex polymerase chain reaction for presence of swine influenza virus (type A), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (both European and US type), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), porcine respiratory coronavirus, porcine cytomegalovirus, Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Mycoplasma hyorhinis. All cases had cranioventral lobular bronchopneumonia consistent with PRDC. There was a broad range of microscopical lesions and the cases were characterized as acute (n = 10), subacute (n = 24) or chronic (n = 114) bronchopneumonia. Five bacterial species, five viruses and two Mycoplasma spp. were detected in different combinations. PCV2, M. hyopneumoniae, M. hyorhinis and Pasteurella multocida were detected most frequently among the PRDC affected swine and the diversity and number of pathogens were higher in these animals compared with controls. No clear-cut associations were detected between pathogens and histological lesions or histopathological diagnoses. PRDC occurs more frequently than enzootic pneumonia among Danish finishing pigs and has complex and varied histopathology.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae increases the susceptibility of pigs to experimental Pasteurella multocida pneumonia.

            The interaction between Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida in experimental pneumonia was investigated in conventional pigs. The experimental animals were 49 days old when inoculated with M. hyopneumoniae; they were inoculated with P. multocida after 23 days, and killed 13 days later. In pigs inoculated only with P. multocida, clinical signs and lung lesions were not observed, and the agent was not recovered. Pigs inoculated with M. hyopneumoniae developed fever, moderate cough and dyspnea which tended to disappear, and small proliferative lung lesions from which M. hyopneumoniae was isolated. Pigs inoculated with both agents had higher fever, severe cough and dyspnea which tended to aggravate, and extensive exudative lung lesions from which organisms were isolated. All animals had similar growth rates, but the group infected with both agents consumed 60% more food. Therefore, M. hyopneumoniae causes mild pneumonia, whereas P. multocida is not pathogenic alone but aggravates the pneumonia initiated by M. hyopneumoniae.
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Characterization and comparison of Pasteurella multocida strains associated with porcine pneumonia and atrophic rhinitis.

              One hundred and fifty-eight porcine strains of Pasteurella multocida, recovered primarily from cases of pneumonic pasteurellosis or progressive atrophic rhinitis (PAR) in England and Wales, were characterized by determination of their capsular types, presence or absence of the toxA gene and molecular mass heterogeneity of the heat-modifiable (OmpA) and porin (OmpH) proteins. Eighteen groups (clones) of strains were identified on the basis of specific combinations of capsular type, toxA status and outer-membrane protein (OMP)-type. The data provided evidence that different subpopulations of P. multocida are responsible for pneumonia and PAR in pigs. The majority (88 %) of cases of pneumonia were associated exclusively with non-toxigenic capsular type A strains of OMP-types 1.1, 2.1, 3.1 and 5.1 and capsular type D isolates of OMP-type 6.1. These strains were recovered from widespread geographical locations within England and Wales over a 12-year period and represented mostly single sporadic cases. The association of a small number of P. multocida variants with the majority of cases of porcine pneumonia suggests that these strains are not opportunistic pathogens of low virulence but represent primary pathogens with a relatively high degree of virulence. In contrast, the majority (76 %) of cases of PAR were associated with toxA-containing capsular type D strains of OMP-type 4.1 and capsular type A and D strains of OMP-type 6.1. Toxigenic capsular type A strains associated with PAR and non-toxigenic capsular type A strains associated with pneumonia represent distinct subpopulations of P. multocida that can be differentiated by their OMP-types. The association of capsular types A and D with strains of the same OMP-types, and the absence and presence of the toxA gene in strains of the same OMP-types, suggest that horizontal transfer of capsular biosynthesis and toxA genes has occurred between strains representing certain subpopulations of P. multocida.

                Author and article information

                Vet J
                Vet. J
                Veterinary Journal (London, England : 1997)
                Elsevier Ltd.
                14 May 2013
                August 2013
                14 May 2013
                : 197
                : 2
                : 483-488
                Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author. Tel.: +45 3533 3752. sup@ 123456sund.ku.dk
                Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

                Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect, the company's public news and information website. Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVID-19-related research that is available on the COVID-19 resource centre - including this research content - immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories, such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the COVID-19 resource centre remains active.

                : 2 March 2013

                Veterinary medicine
                immunohistochemistry,inflammatory cells,pasteurella multocida,porcine pneumonia


                Comment on this article